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Kinetic and equilibrium study of Ni(II) sorption from aqueous solutions onto Peganum harmala-L

  • M. Ghasemi
  • N. Ghasemi
  • G. Zahedi
  • S. R. W. Alwi
  • M. Goodarzi
  • H. Javadian
Original Paper

Abstract

In this study, the adsorption behavior of Ni(II) in an aqueous solution system using natural adsorbent Peganum harmala-L was measured via batch mode. The prepared sorbent was characterized by scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, N2 adsorption–desorption and pHzpc. Adsorption experiments were carried out by varying several conditions such as contact time, metal ion concentration and pH to assess kinetic and equilibrium parameters. The equilibrium data were analyzed based on the Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherms. Kinetic data were analyzed using the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and intra-particular diffusion models. Experimental data showed that at contact time 60 min, metal ion concentration 50 mg/L and pH 6, a maximum amount of Ni(II) ions can be removed. The experimental data were best described by the Langmuir isotherm model as is evident from the high R 2 value of 0.988. The adsorption capacity (q m) obtained was 68.02 mg/g at an initial pH of 6 and a temperature of 25 °C. Kinetic studies of the adsorption showed that equilibrium was reached within 60 min of contact and the adsorption process followed the pseudo-first-order model. The obtained results show that P. harmala-L can be used as an effective and a natural low-cost adsorbent for the removal of Ni(II) from aqueous solutions.

Keywords

Adsorption Isotherm Kinetic Natural adsorbent Ni(II) Peganum harmala-L 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank from Dr Amir Rahimi and maryam montazerghaem (University of Esfahan) and factually of science, Islamic Azad University, Department of Chemistry.

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ghasemi
    • 1
  • N. Ghasemi
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. Zahedi
    • 3
  • S. R. W. Alwi
    • 2
  • M. Goodarzi
    • 4
  • H. Javadian
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Sciences Faculty, Arak BranchIslamic Azad UniversityArākIran
  2. 2.Process Systems Engineering Centre (PROSPECT), Faculty of Chemical EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)SkudaiMalaysia
  3. 3.Chemical & Biological Engineering DepartmentMissouri University of Science & TechnologyRollaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biosystems, Faculty of Bioscience EngineeringKatholieke Universiteit Leuven - KULeuvenHeverleeBelgium
  5. 5.Department of Chemical Engineering, Shahrood BranchIslamic Azad UniversityShahroodIran

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