Soil chemical changes resulting from irrigating with petrochemical effluents

  • N. K. Sharma
  • S. Bhardwaj
  • P. K. Srivastava
  • Y. J. Thanki
  • P. K. Gadhia
  • M. Gadhia
Original Paper


Irrigating food crops with treated wastewater is a popular management option in India. This study evaluated the impacts of land application of treated petrochemical effluent on soil chemical properties. Soil samples were collected from different depths from sites irrigated with petrochemical effluent for 2 years and from control sites. The effluent collected was analysed for different physic–chemical properties and its impact on Lagenaria siceraria (Bottle gourd) growth. 100% concentrated effluent was used for the study and compared with the control. It was observed that application of effluent significantly increased the major cations and anions in the field. On the basis of the study, it may be suggested that treated petrochemical effluent can be used as an alternate source for irrigating crops as it increases the nutrient content of the soil. The overall application indicates a lavishing growth of L. siceraria crop in petrochemical irrigated soil than control sites. This study provides information for better understanding of changes in soil properties due to land application of petrochemical effluent. These changes must be considered in developing possible criteria for preserving delicate ecosystems.


Soil quality Heavy metal Petrochemical industries Wastewater 



Authors are highly thankful to the Department of Biosciences, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat, Gujarat, India for providing the necessary facilities for the research. Authors would also like to thanks Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, India for their help and support during the analysis.


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Copyright information

© CEERS, IAU 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. K. Sharma
    • 1
  • S. Bhardwaj
    • 2
  • P. K. Srivastava
    • 1
    • 3
  • Y. J. Thanki
    • 4
  • P. K. Gadhia
    • 4
  • M. Gadhia
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biological and Environmental ScienceN. V. Patel College of Pure and Applied SciencesAnandIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyBareily CollegeBareilyIndia
  3. 3.Water and Environment Management Research Centre, Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of BristolBristolUK
  4. 4.Department of BiosciencesV.N. South Gujarat UniversitySuratIndia

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