Advertisement

Acta Neurologica Belgica

, Volume 119, Issue 4, pp 535–540 | Cite as

Uncommon and/or bizarre features of dementia: part IV

  • Gabriele CiprianiEmail author
  • Angelo Nuti
  • Sabrina Danti
  • Cecilia Carlesi
  • David M. Cammisuli
  • Mario Di Fiorino
Review article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

It is well established that the clinical picture of dementias is not clinically homogeneous. For example, non-amnestic presentations of Alzheimer’s disease have been referred to as a typical variant. Careful examination of clinical characteristics contributes to understanding the neurobiology of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias and may in turn enhance knowledge of the potential risk factors involved. This study aimed at describing uncommon or bizarre symptoms/syndromes observed in patients suffering from dementia. Medline and Google scholar searches were conducted for relevant articles, chapters, and books published before 2019. Search terms used included dementia, déjà vu, zoophilia, pathological lying, and somatic symptom disorder. Publications found through this indexed search were reviewed for further relevant references. Uncommon/bizarre features of dementia were described as case reports and there were no systematic investigations.

Keywords

Dèja vù Zoophilia Pathological lying Somatic symptom disorder Dementia 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declared that they have no conflicts of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Cipriani G, Borin G (2015) Understanding dementia in the sociocultural context: a review. Int J Soc Psychiatry 61:198–204PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cipriani G, Lucetti C, Carlesi C, Danti S, Nuti A (2015) Depression and dementia. A review. Eur Geriatr Med 6:479–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cipriani G, Lucetti C, Vedovello M, Nuti A (2012) Diogenes syndrome in patients suffering from dementia. Dialog Clin Neurosci 14:455–460Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Larner AJ (2006) “Frontal variant Alzheimer’s disease”: a reappraisal. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 108:705–708PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cipriani G, Lucetti C, Danti S, Ulivi M, Nuti A (2015) Uncommon and/or bizarre features of dementia. Acta Neurol Belg 115:19–25PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cipriani G, Danti S, Nuti A, Lucetti C, Di Fiorino M (2018) Uncommon and/or bizarre features of dementia. Part II. Acta Neurol Belg 118:187–191PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cipriani G, Nuti A, Danti S, Picchi L, Di Fiorino M (2018) Uncommon and/or bizarre: part III. Acta Neurol Belg 118:211–216PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Neppe V (1983) The psychology of déjà vu: have I been here before?. Witwatersrand University Press, JohannesburgGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Augustinus A (1968) De Trinitate. Libri XII, Caput XV, Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina, 50. Typographi Brepols, Turnholti, p 378Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cleary AM, McNeely-White KL, Huebert AM, Claxton AB (2018) Déjà vu and the feeling of prediction: an association with familiarity strength. Memory 1:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Arnaud FL (1896) Un cas d’illusion de ‘deja vu’ ou de ‘false memory. Ann Med Psychol 54:455–471Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    O’Connor AR, Moulin CJ (2010) Recognition without identification, erroneous familiarity, and déjà vu. Curr Psychiatry Rep 12:165–173PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cleary AM (2008) Recognition memory, familiarity, and De´ja` vu experiences. Curr Dir Psyhol Sci 17:353–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wild E (2005) Deja vu in neurology. J Neurol 252:1–7PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sno HN, Linszen DH (1990) The déjà vu experience: remembrance of things past? Am J Psychiatry 147:1587–1595PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    O’Connor AR, Moulin CJ (2013) Déjà vu experiences in healthy subjects are unrelated to laboratory tests of recollection and familiarity for word stimuli. Front Psychol 27:881Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Burwell RD, Templer VL (2017) Jamais vu all over again. Nat Neurosci 20:1194–1196PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chapman A, Mensh I (1951) Déjà-vu experience and conscious fantasy in adults. Psychiatr Q 25–26:163–175Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Harper M (1969) Déjà vu and depersonalisation in normal subjects. Aust NZ J Psychiatry 3:67–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    McKellar P, Simpson L (1954) Between wakefulness and sleep: hypnagogic imagery. Br J Psychol 45(266–276):7Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Neppe V (1979) An investigation of the relationship between subjective paranormal experience and temporal lobe symptomatology. University of the Witwatersrand, JohannesburgGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Adachi N, Adachi T, Kimura M, Akanuma N, Takekawa Y, Kato M (2003) Demographic and psychological features of déjà vu experiences in a nonclinical Japanese population. J Nerv Ment Dis 191:242–247PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Moulin CJ, Conway MA, Thompson RG, James N, Jones RW (2005) Disordered memory awareness: recollective confabulation in two cases of persistent déjà vecu. Neuropsychologia 43:1362–1378PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Brown AS (2003) A review of the deja vu experience. Psychol Bull 129:394–413PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Thompson RG, Moulin CJ, Conway MA, Jones RW (2004) Persistent Déjà vu: a disorder of memory. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 19:906–907PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Illman NA, Butler CR, Souchay C, Moulin CJA (2012) Déjà experiences in temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Res Treat 2012:539567PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Spatt J (2002) Déjà vu: possible parahippocampal mechanisms. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 14:6–10PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ide M, Mizukami K, Suzuki T, Shiraishi H (2000) A case of temporal lobe epilepsy with improvement of clinical symptoms and single photon emission computed tomography findings after treatment with clonazepam. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 54:595–599PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Moulin CJ (2013) Disordered recognition memory: recollective confabulation. Cortex 49:1541–1552PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th end. American Psychiatric Association, WashingtonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Konrad N, Welke J, Opitz-Welke A (2015) Paraphilias. Curr Opin Psychiatry 28:440–444PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Aggrawal A (2011) A new classification of zoophilia. J Forensic Leg Med 18:73–78PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Beetz AM (2004) Bestiality/zoophilia: a scarcely investigated phenomenon between crime, paraphilia, and love. J Forensic Psychol 4:1–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Grassberger R (1968) Die Unzucht mit Tieren. Kriminologische Abhandlungen, vol 8. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Peretti PO, Rowan M (1982) Variables associated with male and female chronic zoophilia. Soc Behav Personal 10:83–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Peretti PO, Rowan M (1983) Zoophilia: factors related to its sustained practice. Panminerva Medica 25:127–131PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Othman Z, Razak AA, Zakaria R (2014) Zoophilia in a patient with frontotemporal dementia. Int Med J 21:466–467Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Holoyda B, Sorrentino R, Friedman SH, Allgire J (2018) Bestiality: an introduction for legal and mental health professionals. Behav Sci Law 36:687–697PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Cross BS, DeYoung GR, Furmaga KM (2013) High-dose oral medroxyprogesterone for inappropriate hypersexuality in elderly men with dementia: a case series. Ann Pharmacother 4:e1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Raina G, Cersosimo MG, Micheli F (2012) Zoophilia and impulse control disorder in a patient with Parkinson disease. J Neurol 259:969–970PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Simpson J, Weiner E (1989) Oxford English dictionary. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Healy W, Healy MT (1915) Pathological lying, accusation, and swindling: a study in forensic psychology. Little, Brown and Co, BostonGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Dike CC, Baranoski M, Griffith EE (2005) Pathological lying revisited. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:342–349PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Muzinic L, Kozaric-Kovacic D, Marinic I (2016) Psychiatric aspects of normal and pathological lying. Int J Law Psychiatry 46:88–93PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Yang Y, Raine A, Lencz T, Bihrle S, Lacasse L, Colletti P (2005) Prefrontal white matter in pathological liars. Br J Psychiatry 187:320–325PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Yang Y, Raine A, Narr KL, Lencz T, Lacasse L, Colletti P, Toga AW (2007) Localisation of increased prefrontal white matter in pathological liars. Br J Psychiatry 190:174–175PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Poletti M, Borelli P, Bonuccelli U (2011) The neuropsychological correlates of pathological lying: evidence from behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia. J Neurol 258:2009–2013PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Dalla Barba G, Cappelletti YJ, Signorini M, Denes G (1997) Confabulation: remembering ‘another’ past, planning ‘another future’. Neurocase 3:425–436Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Örulv L, Hydén LC (2006) Confabulation: sense-making, self-making and world- making in dementia. Discourse Stud 8:647–673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Thom R, Teslyar P, Friedman R (2017) Pseudologia fantastica in the emergency department: a case report and review of the literature. Case Rep Psychiatry 2017:8961256PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder, DSM‐IV. American Psychiatric Association, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Brown FW (1991) Somatization disorder in progressive dementia. Psychosomatics 32:463–465PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Landqvist Waldö M, Santillo AF, Gustafson L, Englund E, Passant U (2014) Somatic complaints in frontotemporal dementia. Am J Neurodegener Dis 3:84–92PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Robertson EE, Le Roux A, Brown JH (1958) The clinical differentiation of Pick’s disease. J Ment Sci 104:1000–1024PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Cipriani G, Danti S, Carlesi C (2016) Three men in a (same) boat: Alzheimer, Pick Lewy. Historical notes. Eur Geriatr Med 6:526–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Hodges JR, Patterson K (2007) Semantic dementia: a unique clinicopathological syndrome. Lancet Neurol 6:1004–1014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Gan JJ, Lin A, Samimi MS, Mendez MF (2016) Somatic symptom disorder in semantic dementia: the role of alexisomia. Psychosomatics 57:598–604PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Onofrj M, Bonanni L, Manzoli L, Thomas A (2010) Cohort study on somatoform disorders in Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Neurology 74:1598–1606PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Onofrj M, Thomas A, Bonanni L, di Giannantonio M, Gambi F, Sepede G (2012) Disease and dementia with Lewy bodies evidence underlying psychotic traits. Adv Biol Psychiatry 27:125–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Onofrj M, Thomas A, Tiraboschi P, Wenning G, Gambi F, Sepede G, Di Giannantonio M, Di Carmine C, Monaco D, Maruotti V, Ciccocioppo F, D’Amico MC, Bonanni L (2011) Updates on somatoform disorders (SFMD) in Parkinson’s disease and dementia with Lewy bodies and discussion of phenomenology. J Neurol Sci 310:166–171PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Kurlansik SL, Maffei MS (2016) Somatic symptom disorder. Am Fam Physician 93:49–54PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Henningsen P (2018) Management of somatic symptom disorder. Dialog Clin Neurosci 20:23–31Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Van der Flier WM (2016) Clinical heterogeneity in familial Alzheimer’s disease. Lancet Neurol 15:1296–1298PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Ryan J, Fransquet P, Wrigglesworth J, Lacaze P (2018) Phenotypic heterogeneity in dementia: a challenge for epidemiology and biomarker studies. Front Public Health 6:181PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Belgian Neurological Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neurology UnitVersilia HospitalLido di CamaioreItaly
  2. 2.Psychiatry UnitVersilia HospitalLido di CamaioreItaly
  3. 3.Clinical and Health Psychology UnitHospital of PontederaPontederaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Surgical, Medical, Molecular and Critical Area PathologyPisa University School of MedicinePisaItaly

Personalised recommendations