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The relationship between motor performance and femoral cartilage thickness in children with Down syndrome

  • Raikan BüyükavcıEmail author
  • Mehmet Akif Büyükavcı
  • Semra Aktürk
  • Feyzullah Necati Arslan
  • Derya Doğan
  • Sinem Kortay Canaloğlu
Original article
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder associated with mental and motor developmental delays in childhood. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of the femoral cartilage thickness with motor performance in children with Down syndrome (DS). A total of 39 children with DS in the age range of 12–42 months were included in the study (female/male: 21/18; mean age: 23.4 ± 8.2 months). Femoral cartilage thickness was measured with ultrasound in the medial and lateral condyles and intercondylar areas of both knees. Gross motor subtest scaled scores of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development III were used for the motor performance assessment. There was a positive correlation between the gross motor scaled scores and the femoral cartilage thickness in both knee joints (p < .05; r = 0.415 for the right medial condyle; r = 0.323 for the right lateral condyle; r = 0.339 for the right intercondylar area; r = 0.369 for the left medial condyle; r = 0.364 for the left lateral condyle, and r = 0.590 for the left intercondylar area). The study demonstrated that the femoral cartilage thickness was positively correlated with gross motor functioning in children with DS.

Keywords

Femoral cartilage thickness Gross motor function Down syndrome Bayley-III 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Belgian Neurological Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of MedicineInonu UniversityMalatyaTurkey
  2. 2.Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics UnitMalatya Education and Research HospitalMalatyaTurkey
  3. 3.Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of MedicineInonu UniversityMalatyaTurkey

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