Acta Neurologica Belgica

, Volume 119, Issue 4, pp 617–618 | Cite as

A rare self-induced reflex epilepsy: sunflower syndrome

  • Yilmaz Akbas
  • Gokcen Oz TuncerEmail author
  • Ayse Serdaroglu


Self-induced seizures by seeking photic triggers occur in 10% of patients with photosensitive epilepsy [1]. This condition, called Sunflower Syndrome, is a rare self-induced photosensitive epilepsy. Typically, patients with Sunflower Syndrome susceptible to photosensitive seizures self-induce, often by hand waving or exposure to environmental light stimuli [2]. Eyelid myoclonus and absence seizures are the most common seizure types [3, 4]. Rarely generalized tonic clonic seizures may occur. A review of 13 cases found most occurred in girls with an average age of onset of 5.5 years. Sunflower Syndrome is extremely refractory to treatment, though valproate, levetiracetam, ethosuximide, benzodiazepines, and lamotrigine provide more effective treatment for seizures [5].


A previously healthy 14-year-old girl was admitted to our department with eyelid myoclonus, absence seizures, and rare-generalized tonic clonic seizures when looking at the sun. Her parents noted...


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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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The authors certify that they comply with the Principles of Ethical Publishing.

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Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (MP4 26553 KB)


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Copyright information

© Belgian Neurological Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric NeurologyHatay State HospitalHatayTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric NeurologyGazi University School of MedicineAnkaraTurkey

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