Injury of the ipsilateral vestibulothalamic tract in a patient with pontine hemorrhage
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Pontine hemorrhage (PH), comprises less than 10% of all intracerebral hemorrhages, and causes vestibular dysfunction (dizziness or vertigo), abnormality of eye movements, ataxia, and dysarthria [1, 2, 3]. Among neurological deficits, vestibular dysfunction is mainly associated with lesions on the tegmentum of pons, and 44% of patients with tegmentum of pons lesion report dizziness or vertigo, because this region includes the vestibular nuclei (VN) .
The ipsilateral vestibulothalamic tract (VTT), which originates from the VN and runs to the tegmentum of pons, is involved in the conscious perception of movement and spatial orientation. Hence, injury of the VTT can be accompanied by dizziness or vertigo [5, 6, 7]. However, little is known about this area in the live human brain because of anatomical features (deep location and ambiguous identification) in conventional brain magnetic resonance imaging [6, 8]. In brain imaging tools, recent diffusion tensor tractography...
KeywordsVestibulothalamic tract Pontine hemorrhage Diffusion tensor imaging Dizziness
This paper was supported by RESEARCH FUND offered from Catholic University of Pusan.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The authors declare that they acted in accordance with ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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