Acta Neurologica Belgica

, Volume 117, Issue 3, pp 603–611 | Cite as

Neurological aspects of chemical and biological terrorism: guidelines for neurologists

  • Harald De Cauwer
  • Francis J. M. P. Somville
  • Marieke Joillet
Review article


This statement paper deals with the key role an neurologist plays in the management of victims of chemical warfare/terrorist attacks. Because terrorist factions have expanded the war zone creating a worldwide risk of terrorist attacks, not only limited to some conflict zones in the Middle East, neurologists in all countries/regions have to be prepared for disaster response. The scope of this paper is to provide guidelines for the neurological management of victims of chemical and biological terrorist attacks.


Neurology Biological warfare Chemical warfare Terrorism 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors report no disclosure nor conflict of interest relevant to the manuscript. All authors report no financial disclosure.

Ethical approval

This manuscript does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent



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Copyright information

© Belgian Neurological Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurology, Dimpna Regional HospitalAZ St DimpnaGeelBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Emergency MedicineDimpna Regional HospitalGeelBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Health PsychologyUniversity of LeidenLeidenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Clerkships Office, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of LeuvenLouvainBelgium
  5. 5.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MaastrichtMaastrichtThe Netherlands

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