Artery/vein classification of retinal vessels using classifiers fusion

  • Xiao-Xia YinEmail author
  • Samra Irshad
  • Yanchun Zhang


The morphological changes in retinal blood vessels indicate cardiovascular diseases and consequently those diseases lead to ocular complications such as Hypertensive Retinopathy. One of the significant clinical findings related to this ocular abnormality is alteration of width of vessel. The classification of retinal vessels into arteries and veins in eye fundus images is a relevant task for the automatic assessment of vascular changes. This paper presents an important approach to solve this problem by means of feature ranking strategies and multiple classifiers decision-combination scheme that is specifically adapted for artery/vein classification. For this, three databases are used with a local dataset of 44 images and two publically available databases, INSPIRE-AVR containing 40 images and VICAVR containing 58 images. The local database also contains images with pathologically diseased structures. The performance of the proposed system is assessed by comparing the experimental results with the gold standard estimations as well as with the results of previous methodologies, achieving promising classification performance, with an over all accuracy of 90.45%, 93.90% and 87.82%, in retinal blood vessel separation for Local, INSPIRE-AVR and VICAVR dataset, respectively.


Hypertensive retinopathy Retinal vessel classification Optic disk Region of analysis SVMs 



The author would like to thank Dr. Umer Salman from Hameed Latif Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan for assisting in providing ground truth for retinal vessel classification.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cyberspace Institute of Advanced TechnologyGuangzhou UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable CitiesVictoria UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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