Thoughts on dealing with climate if the future matters

  • Michael H. Glantz
  • Ilan Kelman
Open Access


This article uses the need for more inspiration in people to act on climate change as a basis for exploring some thoughts on the societal and environmental challenges of climate change. It aims to provide ways of interpreting what is often presented on climate change without considering how the audience receives that information and might or might not be inspired to take action based on it. Different meanings of “change” are examined in the context of “climate change.” The term “adaptation” is similarly analyzed. Based on the understanding of those terms, four notions are defined and outlined in relation to decision-making for climate change adaptation: Ignorance versus “Ignore-ance,” surprise, foreseeability, and forecasting by analogy. The conclusions explore the interlinkages between society and the environment as well as how to turn lessons identified into lessons that are actually learned in order to be implemented. Achieving inspiration is not straightforward, but without it, the future will be bleak under a changing society and environment.


climate change climate change adaptation climate change forecasting climate change impacts 


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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Open Acces Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Consortium for Capacity Building, INSTAARUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Center for International Climate and Environmental Research — OsloOsloNorway

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