Progress in Artificial Intelligence

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 71–87 | Cite as

Scaling up data mining algorithms: review and taxonomy

  • Nicolás García-Pedrajas
  • Aida de Haro-García


The overwhelming amount of data that are now available in any field of research poses new problems for data mining and knowledge discovery methods. Due to this huge amount of data, most of the current data mining algorithms are inapplicable to many real-world problems. Data mining algorithms become ineffective when the problem size becomes very large. In many cases, the demands of the algorithm in terms of the running time are very large, and mining methods cannot be applied when the problem grows. This aspect is closely related to the time complexity of the method. A second problem is linked with performance; although the method might be applicable, the size of the search space prevents an efficient execution, and the resulting solutions are unsatisfactory. Two approaches have been used to deal with this problem: scaling up data mining algorithms and data reduction. However, because data reduction is a data mining task itself, this technique also suffers from scalability problems. Thus, for many problems, especially when dealing with very large datasets, the only way to deal with the aforementioned problems is to scale up the data mining algorithm. Many efforts have been made to obtain methods that can be used to scale up existing data mining algorithms. In this paper, we review the methods that have been used to address the problem of scalability. We focus on general ideas, rather than specific implementations, that can be used to provide a general view of the current approaches for scaling up data mining methods. A taxonomy of the algorithms is proposed, and many examples of different tasks are presented. Among the different techniques used for data mining, we will pay special attention to evolutionary methods, because these methods have been used very successfully in many data mining tasks.


Data mining Scaling-up Parallel algorithms Very large datasets 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolás García-Pedrajas
    • 1
  • Aida de Haro-García
    • 1
  1. 1.Computational Intelligence and Bioinformatics Research GroupUniversity of CórdobaCórdobaSpain

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