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Potential of Two Trichogrammatidae species for Helicoverpa armigera control

  • F P PereiraEmail author
  • C Reigada
  • A J F Diniz
  • J R P Parra
Biological Control
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) has attacked several economically important crops since it was first reported in Brazil in 2013. Because insecticides have been used intensively to control H. armigera, resistant populations have been detected more frequently. One alternative to insecticides is the use of biological control with egg parasitoids from the family Trichogrammatidae (Hymenoptera). The present study evaluated the use of different species and strains of these parasitoids to control H. armigera in soybean. Five strains of Trichogramma pretiosum (Riley): RV (Rio Verde, Goiás, Brazil), SO (Sorriso, Mato Grosso, Brazil), 47A (Irvine, CA, USA), PR (Colombo, Paraná, Brazil), and AN (Anhumas, São Paulo, Brazil), and Trichogrammatoidea annulata (De Santis) denominated TR, from Anhumas, were used. The following parasitoid biological parameters were evaluated: parasitism rates (%), offspring viability (%) number of parasitoids emerged per egg, egg-adult duration (days), female longevity, and offspring sex ratio. Strain RV of T. pretiosum from central Brazil performed best.

Keywords

Integrated pest management natural enemies lepidoptera 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Janet W. Reid, JWR Associates, for the English revision. FPP held a fellowship awarded by CAPES during the project execution.

Author Contribution

FPP and JRPP planned and designed the study. FPP and AJFD executed experimental work. FPP wrote the manuscript. CR conducted the data analysis. JRPP supervised the project.

Funding Information

This study received financial support from the National Institute of Semiochemicals in Agriculture (INCT: Process No. 573761/2008-6).

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • F P Pereira
    • 1
    Email author
  • C Reigada
    • 2
  • A J F Diniz
    • 1
  • J R P Parra
    • 1
  1. 1.Depto de Entomologia e Acarologia, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de QueirozUniv de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Depto de Ecologia e Biologia EvolutivaUniv Federal de São CarlosSão PauloBrazil

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