Advertisement

First Record of Invasive Tawny Crazy Ant Nylanderia fulva (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Continental Ecuador and Notes on Its Ecology in Sugarcane Crops

  • A Pazmiño-PalominoEmail author
  • J Mendoza
  • G A Brito-Vera
Scientific Note
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

We report the first known record of the tawny crazy ant Nylanderia fulva (Mayr) in continental Ecuador. In addition, we describe the mutualistic association between ants and white aphids Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner) in a sugarcane crop. Finally, we highlight the necessity to carry out studies of this nature due to an increasing number of invasive ant species in Ecuador and their potential damage to agricultural and natural ecosystems.

Keywords

Trophobiosis biological invasions Melanaphis sacchari introduced species 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are thankful to Vladimir Carvajal for helping us with taking photographs of specimens and to Melanie Zavala for the translation of the text. Thanks to Diego Inclan and Esteban Calvache for reviewing and commenting on the English version. The collection of specimens was made thanks to research permit granted by the Ministerio de Ambiente de Ecuador.

Author Contribution

JM made the field observations, collected samples, and preliminarily identified the specimens; APP identified the specimens and made the bibliographic compilation; and APP and GABV wrote and edited the manuscript.

References

  1. Aldana R, Baena M, Chacón de Ulloa P (1995) Introducción de la hormiga loca (Paratrechina fulva) a la Reserva Natural Laguna de Sonso (Valle del Cauca, Colombia). Bol Mus Ent Univ Valle 3(1):15–28Google Scholar
  2. AntMaps (2019) http://antmaps.org/. Accessed: 09 Apr 2019
  3. Bustillo A (2013) Insectos plaga y organismos benéficos del cultivo de la caña de azúcar en Colombia. Doc. 26501. Cenicaña, BogotáGoogle Scholar
  4. Capdevila-Argüelles L, Zilletti B, Suárez-Álvarez V (2013) Causas de la pérdida de biodiversidad: Especies Exóticas Invasoras. Mem R Soc Esp Hist Nat 2:10Google Scholar
  5. Donoso DA, Onore G, Ramón G, Lattke JE (2014) Invasive ants of continental Ecuador, a first account. Rev Ec Medic y Cienc Biol 35(1):133–141Google Scholar
  6. Fernández F (2000) Notas taxonómicas sobre la “hormiga loca” (Нуmenopteга: Formicidae: Paratrechina fulva) en Colombia. Rev Colomb Entomol 26(3–4):145–149Google Scholar
  7. Gotzek D, Brady S, Kallal R, LaPolla J (2012) The importance of using multiple approaches for identifying emerging invasive species: the case of the Rasberry crazy ant in the United States. PLoS One 7(9):e45314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Herrera HW (2013) CDF checklist of Galapagos ants. In: Bungartz F, Herrera HW, Jaramillo P, Tirado N, Jiménez-Uzcátegui G, Ruiz D, Guézou A, Ziemmeck F (eds) Charles Darwin Foundation Galapagos Species Checklist. Charles Darwin Foundation, Puerto Ayora, GalapagosGoogle Scholar
  9. Hölldobler B, Wilson E (1990) The ants. Harvard University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Holway DA, Lach L, Suarez AV, Tsutsui ND, Case TJ (2002) The causes and consequences of ant invasions. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 33(1):181–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kumar S, LeBrun EG, Stohlgren TJ, Stabach JA, McDonald DL, Oi DH, LaPolla J (2015) Evidence of niche shift and global invasion potential of the tawny crazy ant, Nylanderia fulva. Ecol Evol 5(20):4628–4641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. LaPolla J, Brady S, Shattuck S (2011) Monograph of Nylanderia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the world: an introduction to the systematics and biology of the genus. Zootaxa 3110:1): 1–1): 9Google Scholar
  13. LeBurn G, Abbott J, Gilbert E (2013) Imported crazy ant displaces imported fire ant, reduces and homogenizes grassland ant and arthropod assemblages. Biol Invasions 15(11):2429–2442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lutinski JA, Ahlert CC, De Freitas BR, Trautmann MM, Tancredo SP, Mello FR (2015) Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in hospitals of southern Brazil. Rev Colomb Entomol 41(2):235–240Google Scholar
  15. Mendoza J, Gualle D, Gómez P (2016) Biología y manejo de áfidos en caña de azúcar. Boletín Divulgativo CINCAE N° 9, El Triunfo, EcuadorGoogle Scholar
  16. Sharma S, Oi D, Buss E (2013) Honeydew-producing hemipterans in Florida associated with Nylanderia fulva (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), an invasive crazy ant. Fla Entomol 96(2):538–547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Zenner de Polania I, Ruiz N (1985) Hábitos alimenticios y relaciones simbióticas de la hormiga loca Nylanderia fulva con otros artrópodos. Rev Colomb Entomol 11(1):3–10Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sección Invertebrados, División EntomologíaInstituto Nacional de BiodiversidadQuitoEcuador
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación de la Caña de Azúcar del EcuadorEl TriunfoEcuador
  3. 3.Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Depto de EcologíaPontificia Univ Católica de ChileSantiagoChile

Personalised recommendations