Advertisement

Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) from the West-Most Brazilian Amazon Region: Checklist, New Records, and Identification Key

  • M Bevilaqua
  • C R V da Fonseca
Systematics, Morphology and Physiology
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

We present a list of Passalidae species found in the westmost Brazilian Amazon region, which is considered to be a diversity-rich area due to being a tectonic and geographic transition zone in relation to Brazilian Amazon lowlands and the Andean range. The specimens acquired in field collections and museums were analyzed. Their geographical distributions were estimated based on data from labeled specimens and the literature. Twenty-nine species belonging to two subfamilies, six genera, and four subgenera were listed. Among them, 20, 1, and 2 showed to be new records for the region, Brazilian Amazon, and Brazil, respectively. An identification key is provided for the species being listed.

Keywords

Acre faunal studies interfluve saproxylophagous Passalinae Proculinae 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Fernando Bernardo Gouveia Pinto, Gleic Sá, João Vicente, and Plínio for their support in the field collections; the curators of the collections, Márcio Luis de Oliveira (INPA), Fábio Siqueira Pitaluga de Godoi (UFAM), and Orlando Tobias Silveira (MPEG) who kindly let us study the analyzed samples; Dmitri V. Logunov (MUHD) for kindly sending us the holotype of Passalus umbriensis Hincks; Sônia Casari (MZSP) for kindly receiving MB at the Museu de Zoologia de São Paulo and allowing the study of the syntypes Passalus elfriedae Luederwaldt; and Jorge Manuel Antunes for his help on revising the English version of the original manuscript.

Authors’ Contributions

MB analyzed and identified the vouchers, took the photos, and wrote the article. CRVF planned and executed the project, analyzed the species, and reviewed the article.

Funding Information

We would like to thank the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA) for funding the collections. MB thanks Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - CAPES for granting the scholarship by way of PROTAX 001/2015 “Estudos sistemáticos para as famílias Psephenidae, Scarabaeidae e Torridincolidae (Coleoptera: Polyphaga e Myxophaga) e análise filogenética do subgênero Ontherus (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae): grupos taxonômicos negligenciados na Amazônia”.

References

  1. Abreu RLSD, Ronchi-Teles B, Vianez BF, Fonseca CRV, Gouveia FBP, Silva EBD (2017) Passalid (Insecta: Coleoptera: Passalidae) collected from trunks of Scleronema micranthum (Malvaceae). Acta Amazon 47(1):71–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aguiar NO, Bührnheim PF (2011) Pseudoscorpionida (Arachnida) em galerias de colônias de Passalidae (Coleoptera, Insecta) em troncos caídos em floresta de terra firme da Amazônia, Brasil. Acta Amazon 41(2):311–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amat-García G, Reyes-Castillo P (2007) Los Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) del Departamento del Amazonas, Colombia. Caldasia 29:329–354Google Scholar
  4. Bevilaqua MVO, Fonseca CRV (2017) New species of Passalus (Mitrorhinus) Kaup, 1871 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Passalidae) from the extreme west of the Brazilian Amazon. Acta Zool Mex (ns) 33(2):344–348Google Scholar
  5. Boucher S (1986) Contribution a L'étude des Passalidae Guyanoamazoniens (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea). Ann Soc Entomol Fr 22(4):491–533Google Scholar
  6. Boucher S (2006) Evolution and phylogeny of Passalidae (Scarabaeoidea). Ann Soc Entomol Fr 41:1–603Google Scholar
  7. Bührnheim PF (1962) Um novo Popilius Kaup, 1871 do leste meridional brasileiro (Coleoptera: Passalidae). Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 60(3):303–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bührnheim PF, Aguiar NO (1991) Passalídeos (Coleoptera) da Ilha de Maracá, Roraima. Acta Amazon 21:25–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bührnheim PF, Aguiar NO (1995) Atividade de voo de uma comunidade de passalídeos (Coleoptera: Passalidae) no alto rio Urubu, Amazonas, Brasil. Acta Zool Mex 65(1):55–73Google Scholar
  10. Bustamante-Navarrete AA, Oroz-Ramos AJ, Yabar-Landa E (2018) List of beetles Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) from Peru [version 1; not peer reviewed]. F1000Research 7:295 (poster) [Spanish].  https://doi.org/10.7490/f1000research.1115300.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cavalcante LM (2006) Geologia do Estado do Acre. In: Governo do Estado do Acre. Zoneamento Ecológico-Econômico do Estado do Acre, Fase II (Escala 1:250.000): Documento Síntese, 2nd ed. SEMA, Rio Branco, 2010. 356pGoogle Scholar
  12. Fonseca CRV (1988) Contribuição ao conhecimento da bionomia de Passalus convexus Dalman, 1817 e Passalus latifrons Percheron, 1841 (Coleoptera: Passalidae). Acta Amazon 18(1–2):197–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fonseca CRV (1989) Uma nova espécie de Passalus Fabricius, 1792 (Coleoptera: Passalidae) do sul do Brasil. Rev Bras Entomol 33(2):341–344Google Scholar
  14. Fonseca CRV (1990a) Nova espécie de Spasalus (Coleoptera: Passalidae) da Amazônia Central brasileira. Bol Mus Para Emilio Goeldi Zool 6(1):69–73Google Scholar
  15. Fonseca CRV (1990b) Imaturos de Passalus convexus Dalman, 1817 e P. latifrons Percherom, 1841 (Coleoptera: Passalidae): aspectos bionômicos. Rev Bras Entomol 34(3):595–600Google Scholar
  16. Fonseca CRV (1992) Uma nova espécie de Spasalus (Coleoptera: Passalidae) do alto rio Negro, Amazonas, Brasil. Acta Amazon 22(1):173–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Fonseca CRV (1999) Duas espécies novas de Veturius Kaup, 1871 (Coleoptera: Passalidae) da Amazônia brasileira. Acta Zool Mex 77:151–156Google Scholar
  18. Fonseca CRV (2009) Passalidae. In: Fonseca CRV, Magalhães CU, Rafael JA, Franklin E (Org.). A Fauna de Artrópodes da Reserva Florestal Ducke. Manaus: Editora INPA, p. 127–136Google Scholar
  19. Fonseca CRV, Reyes-Castillo P (1993) Novo gênero amazônico de Passalini (Coleoptera: Passalidae: Passalinae). Rev Bras Entomol 37(4):673–681Google Scholar
  20. Fonseca CRV, Reyes-Castillo P (1994) Nueva especie amazónica de Ptichopus Kaup (Coleoptera: Passalidae). Acta Zool Mex 63:1–6Google Scholar
  21. Fonseca CRV, Reyes-Castillo P (2004) Synopsis on Passalidae family (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) of Brazil with description of a new species of Veturius Kaup, 1871. Zootaxa 789:1–26Google Scholar
  22. Fonseca CRV, Ribeiro MOA (1993) Passalídeos (Coleoptera: Lamellicornia) da Serra dos Carajás, Pará, Brasil. Bol Mus Para Emilio Goeldi Zool 9(2):229–240Google Scholar
  23. Fonseca CRV, Barbosa MLL, Fernandez MFS (2011) A hypothetical evolutionary history of passalid beetles narrated by the comparative anatomy of the hindgut (Coleoptera: Passalidae). Zootaxa 3012:1–20Google Scholar
  24. Hincks WD, Dibb YJR (1935) Coleopterorum catalogus. Pars 142: Passalidae. W. Junk’s-Gravenhage. 118 p.Google Scholar
  25. Hincks WD, Dibb YJR (1958) Coleopterorum catalogus. Suplementa Pars 142: Passalidae. Uitgevery Dr. W. Junk’s-Gravenhage. 32 pp.Google Scholar
  26. Jiménez-Ferbans L, Amat-García G (2011) Avaliação da diversidade alfa de besouros Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) na Amazônia Colombiana (Parque Nacional Natural La Paya, Putumayo). Acta Amazon 41(3)Google Scholar
  27. Jiménez-Ferbans L, Reyes-Castillo P (2015) Phylogeny and taxonomy of Paxillus MacLeay and Passipassalus Reyes-Castillo and Fonseca (Coleoptera: Passalidae: Passalini), with the description of new species. Ann Entomol Soc Am 108(3):415–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Jiménez-Ferbans L, Reyes-Castillo P, Schuster JC, Salazar-Nino K (2013) A checklist and key for the identification of bess beetles (Coleoptera: Passalidae) of Argentina. Zootaxa 3701(2):192–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Jiménez-Ferbans L, Reyes-Castillo P, Schuster JC (2015) Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) of the Greater and Lesser Antilles. Zootaxa 3956:491–512CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  30. Jiménez-Ferbans L, Reyes-Castillo P, Schuster JC, Upegui-Vélez C (2016) Passalus coarctatus Percheron, 1835 (Coleoptera: Passalidae): redescription and new distributional records. Acta Zool Mex 32(2):168–173Google Scholar
  31. Jiménez-Ferbans L, Reyes-Castillo P, Schuster JC, Beza-Beza C (2017) The passalid beetles (Coleoptera: Passalidae) from Costa Rica, with the description of two new species of Passalus. Rev Mex Biodivers 88(3):608–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kawada R, Buffington ML (2016) A scalable and modular dome illumination system for scientific microphotography on a budget. PLoS One 11(5):e0153426.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153426 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Luederwaldt H (1931) Monografia dos passalídeos do Brasil (Col.). Rev Mus Paul 17:1–262Google Scholar
  34. Mattos I, Mermudes JRM (2013) Synopsis of Paxillus MacLeay, 1819 (Coleoptera: Passalidae): distributional records and descriptions of four new species from Brazil. Zootaxa 3652:327–342CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  35. Mattos I, Mermudes JRM (2014) Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) from Ilha Grande (Angra dos Reis, RJ) with new diagnosis and distributional records in Brazil. Check List 10:260–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mattos I, Mermudes JRM (2015) Distribuição geográfica e diversidade de Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) no sudeste da Mata Atlântica (Brasil). Acta Zool Mex 31(3):412–430Google Scholar
  37. Mouzinho J, Fonseca CRV (1998) Contribution to the study of passalid beetles (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea, Passalidae) in a land area of the Central Amazon. Acta Zool Mex 73:19–44 (in Portuguese, with abstract in English)Google Scholar
  38. Ratcliffe BC, Jameson ML, Figueroa L, Cave RD, Paulsen MJ, Cano EB, Beza-Beza C, Jiménez-Ferbans L, Reyes-Castillo P (2015) Beetles (Coleoptera) of Peru: a survey of the families. Scarabaeoidea. J Kans Entomol Soc 88(2):186–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Reyes-Castillo P (1970) Coleoptera, Passalidae: Morfología e División en Grandes Grupos. Géneros Americanos Folia Entomol Mex 20(22):1–240Google Scholar
  40. Reyes-Castillo P (1973) Passalidae de la Guayana Francesa (Coleoptera, Lamellicornia). Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat Zoo 197:1541–1587Google Scholar
  41. Reyes-Castillo P, Fonseca CRV (1992) Contribución al conocimiento de Paxillus MacLeay, con la descripción de uma nueva especie Amazónica (Coleoptera: Lamellicornia). Folia Entomol Mex 84:15–33Google Scholar
  42. Reyes-Castillo P, Fonseca CRV (1997) Paxillus MacLeay (Coleoptera, Passalidae): notas nomenclaturales y descripción de una especie nueva. Folia Entomol. Mex. 101:73–78Google Scholar
  43. Rossetti DF (2004) Paleosurfaces from northeastern Amazonia as a key for reconstructing paleolandscapes and understanding weathering products. Sediment Geol 169(3–4):151–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rossetti DF (2014) The role of tectonics in the late Quaternary evolution of Brazil’s Amazonian landscape. Earth Sci Rev 139:362–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Vulcano MA, Pereira FS (1967) Sinópse dos Passalidae e Scarabaeidae s. str. da região amazônica (Insecta, Coleoptera). Atas do Simpósio sôbre a Biota Amazônica 5. Zoologia 5:533–603Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Coordenação de Biodiversidade, Lab de Sistemática e Ecologia de ColeopteraInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas da AmazôniaAleixo ManausBrasil

Personalised recommendations