Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 57–70 | Cite as

Potential Effects of Future Climate Changes on Brazilian Cool-Adapted Stoneflies (Insecta: Plecoptera)

  • D P SilvaEmail author
  • A C Dias
  • L S Lecci
  • J Simião-Ferreira
Ecology, Behavior and Bionomics


The continuous pursuit of welfare and economic development through the exploitation of natural resources by human societies consequently resulted in the ongoing process of climate change. Changes in the distribution of species towards the planet’s poles and mountain tops are some of the expected to biological consequences of this process. Here, we assessed the potential effects of future climate change on four cool-adapted Gripopterygidae (Insecta: Plecoptera) species [Gripopteryx garbei Navás 1936, G. cancellata (Pictet 1841), Tupiperla gracilis (Burmeister 1839), and T. tessellata (Brauer 1866)] from Southeastern Brazilian Atlantic forest. As species adapted to cold conditions, in the future scenarios of climate change, we expected these organisms to shrink/change their distributions ranges towards areas with suitable climatic conditions in Southern Brazilian regions, when compared with their predicted distributions in present climatic conditions. We used seven principal components derived from 19 environmental variables from Worldclim database for the present scenario and also seven principal components obtained from 17 different Atmosphere-Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs), considering the most severe emission scenario for green-house gases to predict the species’ distributions. Depending on the climatic scenario considered, there were polewards distribution range changes of the species. Additionally, we also observed an important decrease in the amount of protected modeled range for the species in the future scenarios. Considering that this Brazilian region may become hotter in the future and have its precipitation regime changed, as observed in the severe 2013–2014 drought, we believe these species adapted to high altitudes will be severely threatened in the future.


Climate change Gripopterygidae Atlantic forest species distribution models stonefly Plecoptera 



The authors are grateful to Dr. Claudio Froehlich for kindly providing us with several occurrence records that greatly improved the final manuscript we obtained. ACD received a scholarship from the extinct Brazilian science program Ciências sem Fronteiras (Science without Borders; process 202900/2011-8), as an exchange student in the research group Freshwater Ecology and Management (FEM), Departamiento de Ecologia, University of Barcelona (UB), Spain in 2012. ACD is also grateful for scholarships received from Programa Inst itucional de Iniciação Tecnológica e Inovação from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (PIBITI/CNPq) and Programa de Extensão from Ministério de Educação Cidadania (PROEXT/UEG) programs, which fostered his scientific formation in Biological Science during his graduation course. JSF is grateful to Universidade Estadual de Goiás for the grant she received from the Programa de Bolsas de Incentivo à Pesquisa (PROBIP) during the development of this manuscript. Finally, we also thank two anonymous reviewers, and the editor of the journal that greatly improved a previous version of this manuscript. Finally, the authors would like to thank Sara Lodi for reviewing the English grammar of a previous version of this manuscript.


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© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Depto de Ciências BiológicasInstituto Federal GoianoUrutaíBrasil
  2. 2.Campus de Ciências Exatas e TecnológicasUniv Estadual de GoiásAnápolisBrasil
  3. 3.Depto de Biologia – DBioUniv Federal de Mato Grosso – UFMTRondonópolisBrasil

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