Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 111–120 | Cite as

Redescription of Sibling Species of Rhinoleucophenga (Diptera: Drosophilidae): R. brasiliensis and R. fluminensis

  • J L PoppeEmail author
  • V L S Valente
  • M S Gottschalk
Systematics, Morphology and Physiology


Rhinoleucophenga Hendel comprises an unusual Drosophilidae (Diptera) genus with predaceous larvae, currently compounded by 29 nominal species with New World distribution. In the present study, Rhinoleucophenga brasiliensis (Costa Lima) and R. fluminensis (Costa Lima) are redescribed. These two species are commonly misidentified in Drosophilidae species inventories, mainly by the few morphological character details presented in the original taxonomic description. Thus, by the morphological review performed here, lectotype and paralectotypes designed to R. brasiliensis and R. fluminensis, as well as new morphological characters, drawings and photos (for the first time) are presented in order to avoid further taxonomic mistakes with those referred sibling species of Rhinoleucophenga.


Biodiversity Gitona Steganinae 



We thank Dr. Jane Costa, Dr. Márcio Felix, and Danielle Cerri from the Coleção Entomológica do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (CEIOC) for allowing us access to the many specimens deposited there; Dr. Dalton de Souza Amorim for his comments and criticisms; the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments; the National Council of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq) (grant no. 472973/2013-4), PRONEX-FAPERGS (10/0028-7) and the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for providing grants and fellowships.


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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • J L Poppe
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • V L S Valente
    • 1
    • 3
  • M S Gottschalk
    • 4
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia AnimalUniv Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)Porto AlegreBrasil
  2. 2.Depto de Ciências BiológicasUniv Regional Integrada do Alto Uruguai e das Missões (URI)São Luiz GonzagaBrasil
  3. 3.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, Instituto de BiociênciasUniv Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)Porto AlegreBrasil
  4. 4.Depto de Ecologia, Zoologia e Genética (DEZG), Instituto de Biologia (IB)Univ Federal de Pelotas (UFPel)PelotasBrasil

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