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Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 412–417 | Cite as

Diversity of Anopheles spp. (Diptera: Culicidae) in an Amazonian Urban Area

  • I C ReisEmail author
  • C T Codeço
  • D C P Câmara
  • J J Carvajal
  • G R Pereira
  • E C Keppeler
  • N A Honório
Public Health

Abstract

The genus Anopheles encompasses several species considered as vectors of human infecting Plasmodium. Environmental changes are responsible for behavior changes in these vectors and therefore the pattern of malaria transmission. To better understand the dynamics of malaria transmission, this study aimed at identify the species of adult anophelines found in a malaria endemic urban area of the Amazon region, Mâncio Lima, located in the Acre State Brazil. Using Shannon-type light traps installed at 11 collection points near fish ponds, a total of 116 anophelines were collected belonging to nine species. Anopheles darlingi Root 1926 and An. albitarsis s.l. Lynch-Arribalzaga 1878 were the most abundant and predominant species. Despite the low number of captured adult anophelines, the occurrence of An. darlingi throughout all urban area and the presence of secondary vectors reinforce the need of a permanent and continuous entomological surveillance.

Keywords

malaria urban area Amazon fish ponds landscape entomological surveillance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful for the support from the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES). We thank the Secretária Municipal de Saúde de Mâncio Lima and the Gerência de Endemias de Mâncio Lima, Acre. In addition, we thank Teresa Fernandes Silva do Nascimento, Jerônimo Augusto Fonseca Alencar, Neilson Melo, José Raimundo Silva de Moura, Andrealis Santos de Souza, Glaucio Pereira Rocha, Célio da Silva Pinel, Fernanda Christina Morone Rodrigues, and Mauro Menezes Muniz for mosquito collections in the field and/or help in the laboratory and Tamara Nunes de Lima Camara for previous corrections on the manuscript.

Financial support

Financial support was provided by the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) (Processos 484027/2012-3, 479977/2008-9, 471295/2011-6, 552746/2011-8); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ) (Processo E-26/111.500/2011), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) (Processo 3341-13-5 do Programa Ciência Sem Fronteira de ICR); Universidade Federal do Acre, FUNTAC (FDCT 03/2011 Processo 04/2012), FAPAC (PPSUS Processo n. 14/2013) and Programa de Pós-graduação em Medicina Tropical, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz, RJ).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • I C Reis
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • C T Codeço
    • 3
  • D C P Câmara
    • 1
    • 2
  • J J Carvajal
    • 1
    • 2
  • G R Pereira
    • 2
  • E C Keppeler
    • 4
  • N A Honório
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Lab de Mosquitos Transmissores de HematozoáriosInstituto Oswaldo Cruz, FiocruzRio de JaneiroBrasil
  2. 2.Núcleo Operacional Sentinela de Mosquitos Vetores – Nosmove/FiocruzRio de JaneiroBrasil
  3. 3.Programa de Computação Científica -PROCCFiocruzRio de JaneiroBrasil
  4. 4.Centro MultidisciplinarUniv Federal do AcreRio BrancoBrasil

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