Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 385–394 | Cite as

Biological Data on Anovia punica Gordon (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a Predator of Crypticerya multicicatrices Kondo & Unruh (Hemiptera: Monophlebidae)

  • E C Pinchao
  • P Sotelo
  • G González
  • T Kondo
Biological Control


The coccinellid beetle Anovia punica Gordon (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae: Noviini) is an important predator of the Colombian fluted scale, Crypticerya multicicatrices Kondo & Unruh (Hemiptera: Monophlebidae). In order to gather information on the biological traits of A. punica, we conducted a series of studies, including of the developmental time of each life history stage, estimation of life table parameters, and predation rates under laboratory conditions [25.1 ± 1.6°C, with 70.5 ± 7.3% RH, and natural light regime, approx. 12:12 (L:D) h]. Developmental stages of A. punica were categorized as follows: egg stage, four larval instars, prepupal instar, pupal instar, and adult. Developmental time from egg to adult emergence averaged 29.41 ± 1.85 days, and 47.6% of the eggs developed to adulthood. Female and male survival was 94.42 and 90 days, respectively. Life table parameters show that one female of A. punica is replaced by 86 females (R 0), the intrinsic growth rate (r m ) was 0.1115, the average generation time (T) was 40 days, and the doubling time (D t ) was 6.2 days. The life table parameters suggest that A. punica can be used as a potential predator of C. multicicatrices and, more importantly, provided baseline information for a mass-rearing protocol. This is the first detailed study on the biology of A. punica that reports the potential of this predator as a biological control agent for scale insects of the tribe Iceryini.


Biological control Coccomorpha life cycle Noviini life table parameters 



Many thanks to Dr. Penny J. Gullan (The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia) for checking the English text and for useful comments. Thanks to anonymous reviewers for their useful comments that helped improve the manuscript. The authors thank the Colombian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR) that funded the research project.


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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Univ Nacional de Colombia, Palmira CampusPalmiraColombia
  2. 2.Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (CORPOICA), Centro de Investigación ObonucoPastoColombia
  3. 3.La ReinaSantiagoChile
  4. 4.Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (CORPOICA), Centro de Investigación PalmiraPalmiraColombia

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