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Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 152–159 | Cite as

Traps and Baits for Luring Grapholita molesta (Busck) Adults in Mating Disruption-Treated Apple Orchards

  • A C Padilha
  • C J Arioli
  • M I C Boff
  • J M Rosa
  • M Botton
Pest Management

Abstract

Grapholita molesta (Busck) is one of the main pests in apple crops in Brazil, where it is controlled by mating disruption (MD) with the use of the synthetic sex pheromone. However, sex-pheromone-based monitoring is not effective in MD-treated areas and may result in losses in production. This work has defined a trap model and a bait for luring G. molesta adults in MD apple orchards. The experiments were conducted in commercial apple orchards located in São Joaquim, SC, Brazil. Three trap models—McPhail, Pot, and Ajar—and three baits—grape juice (25%) (GJ), sugarcane molasses (25%) (SM), and a solution containing brown sugar (8.69%) and terpinyl acetate (0.05%) (TAS)—were assessed for luring G. molesta adults in areas subjected to the mating disruption. The assessments were performed weekly by collecting the insects caught in the traps. In addition, time needed to replace traps was also assessed, as well as the selectivity of the trap/bait set. In the laboratory, G. molesta adults were sexed, and the females were dissected to confirm reproductive status. We discuss our results and sugarcane molasses (25%) captured the least number of G. molesta adults regardless of the tested traps. The Ajar/TAS, Pot/TAS, and McPhail/GJ captured the largest number of G. molesta adults. The Ajar/TAS was the most selective and easier to handle. TAS was efficient in catching G. molesta until 14 days after preparation of the solution. Ajar/TAS has potential to be used in the monitoring of G. molesta in apple orchards.

Keywords

Oriental fruit moth terpinyl acetate brown sugar food bait sex pheromone 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to the project “Development of technologies for the integrated management of pests and apple tree diseases/POMIPEST” of EMBRAPA Uva e Vinho for the provision of financial support.

Supplementary material

13744_2017_517_MOESM1_ESM.xls (30 kb)
ESM 1 (XLS 30 kb).

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A C Padilha
    • 1
    • 2
  • C J Arioli
    • 3
  • M I C Boff
    • 1
  • J M Rosa
    • 1
  • M Botton
    • 4
  1. 1.Univ do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC)Centro de Ciências Agroveterinárias (CAV)LagesBrasil
  2. 2.Centro de Ciências Agrovetrinárias (CAV)Univ do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC)LagesBrasil
  3. 3.Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária e Extensão Rural de Santa Catarina – Estação Experimental de São JoaquimSão JoaquimBrasil
  4. 4.Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária – Embrapa Uva e VinhoBento GonçalvesBrasil

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