Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 245–251 | Cite as

Morphometric Variation on the Cypress Aphid Cinara cupressi (Buckton) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Associated to Urban Trees

Systematics, Morphology and Physiology
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Abstract

Cinara cupressi (Buckton) is an important aphid pest of the Cupressaceae family, originally reported in Chile in 2003. Since then, it has spread over 4,000 km, contributing to conservation issues, mostly associated with native and urban trees of the Cupressaceae. In the present work, the morphometric variation of C. cupressi was examined to determine if the species present in Chile corresponds to a specific entity, and to identify variations among specimens from different localities in the study area. Colonies were collected from urban trees from northern, central, and southern Chile. Morphometric data for 14 characters in aphids from 63 localities in all the distribution ranges were measured and analyzed by multivariate analysis. Results showed that the species present in Chile corresponds to C. cupressi like a single specific entity, showing no morphological variation across the regions sampled. Our data will be discussed within the context of correct taxonomic identification for the implementation of effective biological control strategies.

Keywords

Cupressaceae invasive species morphometrics taxonomy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The present study was carried out as a partial fulfillment for the doctoral degree in Forest Science at the Universidad Austral de Chile. It was funded in part by CONICYT grants for postgraduate studies, part of the Chilean government. I would like to thank Project D-2010-09, funded by Dirección de Investigación y Desarrollo of the Universidad Austral de Chile and the Natural History Museum in London for the loan of paralectotypes of C. cupressi.

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fac de Ciencias Forestales y Recursos NaturalesUniv Austral de ChileValdiviaChile
  2. 2.Fac de Ciencias AgrariasUniv Austral de ChileValdiviaChile
  3. 3.Fac de Ciencias Naturales y OceanográficasUniv de ConcepciónConcepciónChile

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