Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 474–482 | Cite as

Production of Sexuals and Mating Frequency in the Stingless Bee Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille) (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

  • M Prato
  • A E E Soares
Ecology, Behavior and Bionomics


Queen, worker, and male production was studied for 1 year in three queenright colonies of Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille). We sampled brood combs monthly and noticed that the number of brood cells and production of individuals were similar among colonies. Although the production of queens did not vary significantly, the frequencies of workers, males, and the number of cells among the combs varied over time. The production of males was highly seasonal, occurring mostly from February to April, coinciding with the period of intense brood cells production, when colonies produced more males and less workers, resulting in a negative correlation. Although the frequency of queens has not varied in time, the seasonal availability of males affected the mating frequency and the time spent since emergence until fertilization of queens. In the T. angustula colonies studied, the population dynamics was highly seasonal and the mating success depended of male production, according to the season.


Mating success production of sexuals seasonal production of males stingless bees 



This research was supported by Fapesp (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo; no. 08/52339-3) and was included in the Biota thematic project “Biodiversity and sustainable use of pollinators with emphasis in Meliponini bees”, also funded by Fapesp (no. 04/15801-0). We are grateful to two anonymous referees and the editor in chief for their valuable comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lab de Biologia e Genética de Abelhas, Depto GenéticaFMRP-USP, Univ de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrasil

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