Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 521–526 | Cite as

High Variation in Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) and Insertions/Deletions (Indels) in the Highly Invasive Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1)

  • Z C Lü
  • H B Sun
  • F H WanEmail author
  • J Y Guo
  • G F Zhang
Systematics, Morphology and Physiology


Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) is invasive and adaptive to varied environments throughout the world. The adaptability is closely related to genomic variation such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertions/deletions (indels). In order to elucidate the feature of SNPs and indels in MEAM1, and reveal the association between SNPs/indels and adaptive capacity to various environments, a computational approach with QualitySNP was used to identify reliable SNPs and indels on the basis of 9110-expressed sequence tags of MEAM1 present in the NCBI database. There were 575 SNPs detected with a density of 10.1 SNPs/kb and 6.4 SNPs/contig. Also, 237 transitions (39.3%) and 366 transversions (60.7%) were obtained, where the ratio of transitions to transversions was 0.65:1. In addition, 581 indels with a density of 14.1 indels/kb and 9.2 indels/contig were detected. Collectively, it showed that invasive MEAM1 has high SNPs density, and higher SNPs percentage than non-invasive B. tabaci species. A high SNPs density/percentage in MEAM1 yielded a high genomic variation that might have allowed it to adapt to varied environments, which provides some support to understand the invasive nature of MEAM1 at the genomic level. High levels of genomic variation are implicated in the level of adaptive capacity and invasive species are thought to exhibit higher levels of adaptive capacity than non-invasive species.


Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) genomic variation invasive species 



We thank Prof. Dr. Imtiaz Ali Khan, Chairman, Department of Entomology, NWFP Agricultural University Peshawar, NWFP, Pakistan, for reviewing the original manuscript. This research project was supported by the National Basic Research and Development Program (Grant no. 2009CB119200), the Ministry of Science and Technology, China, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31100269), Commonwealth Special Fund for the Agricultural Industry (no. 200903034), the Ministry of Science and Technology, China, and Common Wealth Special Fund for the Agricultural Industry (no. 201303019).

Supplementary material

13744_2013_152_MOESM1_ESM.txt (582 kb)
ESM 1 (TXT 581 kb)


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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z C Lü
    • 1
  • H B Sun
    • 1
  • F H Wan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • J Y Guo
    • 1
    • 2
  • G F Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Lab for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant ProtectionChinese Academy of Agricultural ScienceBeijingChina
  2. 2.Center for Management of Invasive Alien Species, Ministry of AgricultureBeijingChina

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