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Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 510–517 | Cite as

Insecticidal Activity of Piper Essential Oils from the Amazon Against the Fire Ant Solenopsis saevissima (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

  • R N P Souto
  • A Y Harada
  • E H A Andrade
  • J G S MaiaEmail author
Pest Management

Abstract

Pepper plants in the genus Piper (Piperales: Piperaceae) are common in the Brazilian Amazon and many produce compounds with biological activity against insect pests. We evaluated the insecticidal effect of essential oils from Piper aduncum, Piper marginatum (chemotypes A and B), Piper divaricatum and Piper callosum against workers of the fire ant Solenopsis saevissima (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), as well as their chemical composition by gas chromatography and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. The lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) in 48 h was obtained with the oil of P. aduncum (58.4 mg/L), followed by the oils of P. marginatum types A (122.4 mg/L) and B (167.0 mg/L), P. divaricatum (301.7 mg/L), and P. callosum (312.6 mg/L). The major chemical constituents were dillapiole (64.4%) in the oil of P. aduncum; p-mentha-1(7),8-diene (39.0%), 3,4-methylenedioxypropiophenone (19.0%), and (E)-β-ocimene (9.8%) in P. marginatum chemotype A and (E)-isoosmorhizole (32.2%), (E)-anethole (26.4%), isoosmorhizole (11.2%), and (Z)-anethole (6.0%) in P. marginatum chemotype B; methyleugenol (69.2%) and eugenol (16.2%) in P. divaricatum; and safrole (69.2%), methyleugenol (8.6%), and β-pinene (6.2%) in P. callosum. These chemical constituents have been previously known to possess insecticidal properties.

Keywords

Biopesticides botanical insecticides essential oil composition phenylpropanoids sustainable pest management 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to MCT/CNPq and FAPESPA/PA and Betty & Gordon Moore Foundation for financial support, as well as to IEPA/AP and MPEG/PA for laboratory facilities.

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • R N P Souto
    • 1
  • A Y Harada
    • 2
  • E H A Andrade
    • 3
  • J G S Maia
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Depto de Ciências Biológicas e da SaúdeUniv Federal do AmapáMacapáBrasil
  2. 2.Coordenação de Zoologia, Museu Paraense Emilio GoeldiBelémBrasil
  3. 3.Programa de Pós-Graduação em QuímicaUniv Federal do ParáBelémBrasil

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