Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 461–467 | Cite as

Euptychia boulleti (Le Cerf) n. comb. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae), a Rare and Endangered Butterfly from Southeastern Brazil

  • A V L Freitas
  • N Wahlberg
  • P F Matos-Maravi
  • M A Marin
  • O H H Mielke
Systematics, Morphology and Physiology


This paper discusses the systematic position of the rare and endangered satyrine butterfly Caenoptychia boulleti Le Cerf, the only included species in Caenoptychia (type species), based on adult morphology and molecular data. The results showed that Caenoptychia Le Cerf belongs to the Euptychia Hübner clade, and the genus is synonymized with Euptychia, new synonymy. Euptychia boulleti (Le Cerf) is a new combination. The male genitalia of E. boulleti showed at least one important synapomorphy with the other species of Euptychia, which is the presence of a posterior projection of the tegumen above the uncus. Molecular data reinforces the position of Caenoptychia within the genus Euptychia.


Atlantic forest Caenoptychia Euptychiina morphology 



We thank Marcelo Duarte, Keith Willmott, Mirna Casagrande, and Tomasz W. Pyrcz for critical reading of the manuscript and Bob Robbins, Jacques Pierre, and Marcelo Duarte for allowing us to work in the collections of USNM (USA), MNHN (Paris), and MZUSP (São Paulo), respectively. Jorge M. S. Bizarro, Eduardo Barbosa, and Ana Kristina Silva provided recent information from the “Reserva Ecológica de Guapiaçu”. Eduardo P. Barbosa and Fernando Dias helped with the pictures of the male and female genitalia and wing venation. The following people helped with information from the Museums: Robert Robbins and Brian Harris (USNM), Marcelo Duarte (MZSP), Alexandre Soares (MNRJ) Jacques Pierre and Rose Nguyen (MNHN). AVLF acknowledges FAPESP (grant 04/05269-9), and the Brazilian Research Council-CNPq (fellowship 302585/2011-7); NW acknowledges the Academy of Finland for financial support; MAM is grateful to DIME (90202038) for financial support; and OHHM acknowledges the Brazilian Research Council-CNPq for the fellowship and financial support. This publication is part of the RedeLep “Rede Nacional de Pesquisa e Conservação de Lepidópteros” SISBIOTA-Brasil/CNPq (563332/2010-7), and of the BIOTA-FAPESP Program (2011/50225-3).


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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A V L Freitas
    • 1
  • N Wahlberg
    • 2
  • P F Matos-Maravi
    • 2
  • M A Marin
    • 3
  • O H H Mielke
    • 4
  1. 1.Depto de Biologia Animal, Museu de Zoologia, Instituto de BiologiaUniv Estadual de CampinasCampinasBrasil
  2. 2.Lab of Genetics, Dept of BiologyUniv of TurkuTurkuFinland
  3. 3.Grupo de Investigación en Sistemática MolecularUniv Nacional de ColombiaMedellínColombia
  4. 4.Depto de ZoologiaUniv Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrasil

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