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Neotropical Entomology

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 17–21 | Cite as

Temporal Variation in Seed Predation by Insects in a Population of Syagrus romanzoffiana (Arecaceae) in Santa Catarina Island, SC, Brazil

  • FR da Silva
  • RM Begnini
  • BC Lopes
  • TT Castellani
Ecology, Behavior and Bionomics

Abstract

Insect seed predation may vary depending on seed production. The present study considers the hypothesis that the rates of seed predation tend to be smaller in years of higher fruit production. Thus, we monitored the production of fruits and predation of seeds of the palm Syagrus romanzoffiana over 2 years in the Atlantic Forest (Parque Municipal da Lagoa do Peri, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil), between July 2006 and June 2008. Plots of 0.25 m2 were fitted under 20 mother plants and fruits were monthly collected for assessment of abundance and seed predation. There was variation in fruit production between the 2 years and among reproductive plants. Predation rates were high and occurred in the predispersal phase by the Curculionidae Revena rubiginosa Boheman, Anchylorhynchus aegrotus Fahraeus, and Anchylorhynchus variabilis Gyllenhal. Seed predation by these species of Anchylorhynchus is first registered in the present study. In average, about 60% of the seeds monthly produced in the population tend to escape insect predation in year of high or low production, becoming available for recruitment. The predation rate was not related to the amount of fruits produced per reproductive plant. Also, different than expected, there was a positive relation between the rates of seed predation and the total of fruits produced monthly on the plots. Thus, no evidence for the satiation of insect seed predators was found in this study with S. romanzoffiana.

Keywords

Beetles fruit palm predispersion 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Sérgio Vanin for the identification of beetles. We are grateful to Capes for master scholarship grants to first author; to CNPq for grants to the second author and to Funpesquisa/UFSC for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • FR da Silva
    • 1
  • RM Begnini
    • 1
  • BC Lopes
    • 2
  • TT Castellani
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Depto de BotânicaUniv Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrasil
  2. 2.Depto de Ecologia e Zoologia, Centro de Ciências BiológicasUniv Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrasil

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