Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 469–481 | Cite as

Green protocol for synthesis of MgFe2O4 nanoparticles and study of their activity as an efficient catalyst for the synthesis of chromene and pyran derivatives under ultrasound irradiation

  • Bahar Eshtehardian
  • Morteza RouhaniEmail author
  • Zohreh Mirjafary
Original Paper


In this study, the MgFe2O4 nanoparticles were synthesized via a green and simple approach. Then an effective procedure to synthesize 2-amino-7-hydroxy-4H-chromene and tetrahydrobenzo[b]pyran derivatives was established through the chemical reaction between different aldehydes, malononitrile and resorcinol (or dimedone) in the presence of MgFe2O4 nanoparticles as a beneficial catalyst in ethanol as solvent under ultrasound irradiation. Moreover, the synthesized MgFe2O4 nanoparticles were easily recovered by an external magnet and reused for four times without significant loss of their catalytic activity. Simple, fast, effective and eco-friendly as well as quick purification method along with high product yields are some of the advantages of the present chemical reaction.


MgFe2O4 Chromene Pyran Ultrasound Green Nanoparticles 



The authors thank, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch for the support and guidance.

Compliance with ethical statement

Conflict of interest

We have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Supplementary material

13738_2019_1783_MOESM1_ESM.docx (367 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 367 kb)


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Copyright information

© Iranian Chemical Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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