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A new method for the speciation of arsenic species in water, seafood and cigarette samples using an eggshell membrane

  • Luana Bastos Santos
  • Djalma Menezes de Oliveira
  • Alexilda Oliveira de Souza
  • Valfredo Azevedo LemosEmail author
Original Paper
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

This work is based on the application of the eggshell membrane (ESM) of fresh chicken as a sorbent in a solid phase extraction procedure for arsenic speciation with detection by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. The ESM can adsorb several heavy metal ions from a dilute aqueous solution with high affinity and short contact time, depending on pH and ionic characteristics. It thusly becomes a promising candidate as a solid adsorbent in extraction systems. The procedure is based on the solid phase extraction of the complex formed by As(III) with ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (APDC). Solutions of As(III) were percolated through the eggshell membrane-filled minicolumn (ESM). Then, the analyte contained in the sorbent was desorbed by a 4.0 mol L−1 HNO3/ethanol solution (2:3). The influence of variables such as eluent, sample volume, pH effect, APDC volume, eluent volume, atomization, pyrolysis temperature, and sample flow was studied. Under optimized conditions, the method presented a limit of detection and enrichment factor of 0.01 μg L−1 and 17, respectively. Arsenic speciation was also tested because As(V) does not react with APDC, but is retained by ESM. Thus, the determination of total arsenic and As(V) allows the determination of both species. The procedure was applied to the determination of arsenic species in water, seafood, and cigarette samples.

Keywords

Arsenic Chicken eggshell membrane Solid phase extraction Speciation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—Brasil (CAPES)—Finance Code 001. The authors also acknowledge the financial support of the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (311419/2018-6 and 461656/2014-0) and the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado da Bahia (FAPESB). The authors also thank Dr Luis Nieto González, of the State University of Southwest of Bahia, for the photographs of ESM.

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Copyright information

© Iranian Chemical Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luana Bastos Santos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Djalma Menezes de Oliveira
    • 1
  • Alexilda Oliveira de Souza
    • 1
  • Valfredo Azevedo Lemos
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química, Campus de JequiéUniversidade Estadual do Sudoeste da BahiaJequiéBrazil
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química, Campus Universitário de OndinaUniversidade Federal da BahiaSalvadorBrazil

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