Isinglass–palladium as collagen peptide–metal complex: a highly efficient heterogeneous biocatalyst for Suzuki cross-coupling reaction in water

  • Zahra Dolatkhah
  • Shahrzad JavanshirEmail author
  • Ayoob BazgirEmail author
Original Paper


The class of bio-nanocatalysts (BNCs) is an evolving innovation that synergistically assimilates advanced nanotechnology with biotechnology. BNCs promote green processes due to their low consumption of chemicals and the absence of toxic by-products. Isinglass (IG), from the Dutch huizenblaas (sturgeon bladder), containing approximately 98% protein collagen, is used to support the immobilization of palladium (Pd) nanoparticles. This process leads to Pd/IG composite, a new class of heterogeneous collagen peptides–metal BNCs that exhibit high catalytic activity and reusability for ligand-free Suzuki coupling reaction in water. Additionally, these BNCs are obviously active in the cross-coupling reaction between acid chloride and arylboronic acid, producing a high yield of the desired ketones. The synthesized BNCs are well-characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma, and transmission electron microscopy.


Heterogeneous catalysis Bio-nanocatalysts Pd(II) immobilized on isinglass Suzuki coupling Sustainable chemistry 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Research Council of Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.

Supplementary material

13738_2019_1625_MOESM1_ESM.doc (450 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 450 KB)


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Copyright information

© Iranian Chemical Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Heterocyclic Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of ChemistryIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryShahid Beheshti University G.C.TehranIran

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