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Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 1301–1310 | Cite as

Comparing the photocatalytic activity of N-doped and S-doped titanium dioxide nanoparticles for water splitting under sunlight radiation

  • Maryam Taherinia
  • Mohammad NasiriEmail author
  • Ebrahim Abedini
  • Hamid Reza Pouretedal
Original Paper
  • 117 Downloads

Abstract

The objective of this research is to compare the photocatalytic activity of nanoparticles of N-doped and S-doped titanium dioxide in water splitting by using sunlight radiation for hydrogen production. The sol–gel method was used for the preparation of nanoparticles of doped TiO2 and the weight percent of doping element was 2, 4, 6 and 8. The prepared nanoparticles were identified by absorbance spectra of UV–Vis and FT-IR, TGA, XRD patterns, FE-SEM images and EDX spectra. The nanoparticles of S–\({\text{TiO}}_{2}\) indicated the lower band gap and lesser particle size versus N–\({\text{TiO}}_{2}\) nanoparticles. Nevertheless, the nanoparticles of N–\({\text{TiO}}_{2}\) showed the higher photocatalytic activity in hydrogen production process. The activity of doped samples with sulfur (S–\({\text{TiO}}_{2}\)) was reduced by the presence of sulfate anions, and the absorption of radiation in the samples surface was due to a decrease in the number of electron–hole pair in photocatalyst. The photocatalytic activity of N–\({\text{TiO}}_{2}\) was also increased with the increasing in weight fraction of N atoms, and the highest hydrogen production was obtained in 6 wt% of nitrogen.

Keywords

Titanium dioxide Water splitting Photocatalyst Nanoparticle Hydrogen production 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Council of Maleke Ashtar University of Technology for providing financial support to undertake this work.

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Copyright information

© Iranian Chemical Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryam Taherinia
    • 1
  • Mohammad Nasiri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ebrahim Abedini
    • 1
  • Hamid Reza Pouretedal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryMalek-Ashtar University of TechnologyShahin-ShahrIslamic Republic of Iran

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