Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society

, Volume 13, Issue 11, pp 2029–2038 | Cite as

Sulfonic acid-functionalized titanomagnetite nanoparticles as recyclable heterogeneous acid catalyst for one-pot solvent-free synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones/thiones

  • Davood Azarifar
  • Younes Abbasi
  • Omolbanin Badalkhani
Original Paper

Abstract

Sulfonic acid-functionalized titanomagnetite (Fe3−xTixO4@SO3H) nanoparticles were prepared by grafting sulfonic acid groups on Fe3−xTixO4 nanoparticles. This new heterogeneous acid nanocatalyst demonstrated an efficient catalytic performance in the one-pot synthesis of dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one/thione derivatives under solvent-free conditions with high yields. The nanocatalyst could easily be separated from the reaction mixture simply by using an external magnet, recycled and reused for several times with no significant loss of catalytic activity. These nanoparticles were characterized by different physicochemical techniques, such as Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, thermogravimetric and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) analyses.

Keywords

Titanomagnetite Fe3−xTixO4@SO3H nanoparticles Magnetic nanoparticle Nanocatalyst Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one 

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Copyright information

© Iranian Chemical Society 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davood Azarifar
    • 1
  • Younes Abbasi
    • 1
  • Omolbanin Badalkhani
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ChemistryBu-Ali Sina UniversityHamedanIslamic Republic of Iran

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