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CEN Case Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 274–281 | Cite as

Microscopic polyangiitis necrotizing glomerulonephritis associated with pregnancy: case with a 20-year clinical course and review of the literature

  • Yoichi Oshima
  • Tatsuya Suwabe
  • Yuji Marui
  • Noriko Hayami
  • Eiko Hasegawa
  • Masayuki Yamanouchi
  • Rikako Hiramatsu
  • Keiichi Sumida
  • Masahiro Kawada
  • Akinari Sekine
  • Hiroki Mizuno
  • Masahiko Oguro
  • Junichi Hoshino
  • Naoki Sawa
  • Yasuo Ishii
  • Takeshi Fujii
  • Kenichi Ohashi
  • Kenmei Takaichi
  • Yoshifumi Ubara
Case Report

Abstract

A 29-year-old woman with past medical history of hypertension was referred to our hospital for the evaluation of kidney dysfunction (serum creatinine 1.0 mg/dL), proteinuria (0.54 g/gCre), and microscopic hematuria. Renal biopsy before the first pregnancy was supportive for benign nephrosclerosis with no evidence of vasculitis. After her second pregnancy and delivery when she was 32 years old, she developed proteinuria of 3.2 g/gCre, hematuria, and elevated serum creatinine level of 2.6 mg/dL. Second renal biopsy revealed necrotizing glomerulonephritis and her serum MPO-ANCA was positive, leading to the diagnosis of MPA/renal-limited vasculitis (RLV). Interestingly, frozen preserved serum from 4 years earlier also tested positive for MPO-ANCA. Despite intensive treatment, hemodialysis was required 10 years later due to progressive deterioration of renal function. At that time, she developed pericarditis, bloody cardiac tamponade, and pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage, resulting in a diagnosis of systemic vasculitis MPA. She received living donor kidney transplantation at the age of 44 years, after which serum creatinine has been stable around 1.1 mg/dL without proteinuria or hematuria and MPO-ANCA has remained negative. The association of vasculitis with pregnancy and delivery is not well documented, especially in patients with MPA. Here, we report this MPO-ANCA positive woman developing MPA necrotizing glomerulonephritis after her second pregnancy and a 20-year clinical course.

Keywords

Microscopic polyangiitis Pregnancy Delivery Necrotizing glomerulonephritis MPO-ANCA 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors have declared no competing interest.

Human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from this patient.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Nephrology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoichi Oshima
    • 1
  • Tatsuya Suwabe
    • 1
  • Yuji Marui
    • 1
  • Noriko Hayami
    • 1
  • Eiko Hasegawa
    • 1
  • Masayuki Yamanouchi
    • 1
  • Rikako Hiramatsu
    • 1
  • Keiichi Sumida
    • 1
  • Masahiro Kawada
    • 1
  • Akinari Sekine
    • 1
  • Hiroki Mizuno
    • 1
  • Masahiko Oguro
    • 1
  • Junichi Hoshino
    • 1
  • Naoki Sawa
    • 1
  • Yasuo Ishii
    • 1
  • Takeshi Fujii
    • 2
  • Kenichi Ohashi
    • 3
  • Kenmei Takaichi
    • 1
    • 4
  • Yoshifumi Ubara
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Nephrology CenterToranomon HospitalTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of PathologyToranomon HospitalTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Pathology, Graduate School of MedicineYokohama City UniversityYokohamaJapan
  4. 4.Okinaka Memorial Institute for Medical ResearchToranomon HospitalTokyoJapan

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