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CEN Case Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 268–273 | Cite as

Recurrence of crescentic IgA nephropathy after renal transplantation

  • Georgios Zagkotsis
  • Christina Vourlakou
  • Aristeidis Paraskevopoulos
  • Theofanis Apostolou
Case Report
  • 107 Downloads

Abstract

IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is one of the most common recurrent glomerulonephritis after renal transplantation. Rarely, it is accompanied with the presence of crescents that leads to rapid deterioration of renal function and graft loss. We present a 54-year-old patient with IgAN that received a cadaveric kidney allograft, but developed biopsy proven recurrent IgAN 7 months after renal transplantation. He was treated with intravenous steroids and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and remission was achieved. 4 years later, he presented again with heavy proteinuria, hematuria and deterioration of renal function. Allograft biopsy revealed recurrent IgAN with crescents, which was successfully treated with pulse intravenous steroids and six monthly doses of intravenous cyclophosphamide. This regime resulted in long-term sustained remission with a stable functioning graft 3 years later. Although it is not an established treatment as in native kidneys, intravenous cyclophosphamide should probably be considered in kidney transplants with potentially reversible recurrent crescentic IgAN.

Keywords

IgA nephropathy Renal transplantation Recurrent glomerulonephritis Crescents 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared that no Conflict of interest exists.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. Additional informed consent was obtained from all individual participants for whom identifying information is included in this article.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Nephrology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NephrologyGeneral Hospital of LivadeiaLivadeiaGreece
  2. 2.Department of Nephrology“Evaggelismos” General Hospital of AthensAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Histopathology“Evaggelismos” General Hospital of AthensAthensGreece
  4. 4.“Mesogeios” Hemodialysis UnitHeraklionGreece

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