Reducing of heat loss of rubber compound using natural zeolite filler: effect of partially substitution of fillers on compound properties
The main objective of this work was reducing the heat loss of styrene butadiene rubber by partial substitution of carbon black with natural zeolite as a filler. Reducing the usage of carbon black in the rubber industry is a good strategy to decrease fossil fuel usage and global warming. There are different mineral fillers like silica and clay to be used instead of carbon black. Effect of application of natural zeolite on reducing the heat loss of rubber compound based on SBR was investigated by melt mixing of natural zeolite in rubber matrix in an internal mixer. Natural zeolite was selected as 5, 10, 15, and 20 phr. Carbon black was partially substituted with zeolite and the effect of natural zeolite content and structure on different aspects of the compound including heat buildup, hardness, elongation, and modulus were evaluated. It was shown that although cross-link density and mechanical properties of the compounds decreased a little, but a significant improvement was observed in the fatigue resistance of the compounds beside a favorable decrease in the heat buildup and abrasion loss with an increase in the natural zeolite loading. The rate of improvement in properties was slowed down at zeolite contents higher than 5 phr.
KeywordsZeolite Fatigue resistance Heat build up Mechanical properties Abrasion loss
The authors are grateful to The Research and Development Office of Iran Tire Factory, Iran and Ministry of Science Research and Technology of Iran for funding this project.
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