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Psychosocial Concerns Following Bariatric Surgery: Current Status

  • Melissa A. KalarchianEmail author
  • Marsha D. Marcus
Psychological Issues (V Drapeau and V Ivezaj, Section Editors)
  • 69 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Psychological Issues

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The purpose of this paper is to review the current status of research on psychosocial concerns following bariatric surgery.

Recent Findings

Bariatric surgery has a positive overall impact on weight and obesity-related comorbidities, as well as a positive short-term impact on mental health and psychosocial functioning. Nonetheless, research has documented a number of different psychosocial concerns that may emerge following surgery including maladaptive eating, substance use disorders, suicide, lack of social support, and excess skin. Moreover, special populations of patients may have distinctive psychosocial concerns based on sociodemographic factors such as age or severity of obesity. Available studies suggest that psychosocial interventions have a positive impact on post-surgery outcomes, particularly maladaptive eating. However, research is limited, and long-term data are lacking.

Summary

Monitoring patients after bariatric surgery for negative psychosocial outcomes is warranted. Research is needed to develop and evaluate personalized approaches to optimize long-term weight loss and psychosocial adjustment.

Keywords

Bariatric surgery Psychosocial factors Maladaptive eating Substance use Suicide Social support 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Melissa A. Kalarchian declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Marsha D. Marcus has received compensation from Weight Watchers International, Inc., for serving on Scientific Advisory Boards.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019
corrected publication 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of NursingDuquesne University School of NursingPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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