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Current Obesity Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 76–88 | Cite as

A Systematic Review of Physical Activity Interventions in Individuals with Binge Eating Disorders

  • Claudine Blanchet
  • Marie-Ève Mathieu
  • Audrey St-Laurent
  • Shirley Fecteau
  • Nathalie St-Amour
  • Vicky DrapeauEmail author
Psychological Issues (V Drapeau and S Sogg, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Psychological Issues

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Our systematic review aims to assess the overall evidence available in the literature regarding the role of physical activity (PA) in individuals with binge eating disorder (BED) and better understand the potential underlying mechanisms of action.

Recent Findings

Currently, the most effective and well-established psychological treatment for BED is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with a remission rate around 80%. CBT is sometimes combined with pharmacotherapy targeting comorbidities associated with BED, such as obesity and depression. Another avenue of treatment that has been less studied is PA. It has been suggested that PA addresses the underlying mechanisms of BED and, thus, increases treatment efficiency.

Summary

This systematic review provides additional knowledge concerning the benefits of PA in the treatment of individuals with BED including reduction of binge eating (BE) episodes and improvement in other associated comorbidities. Potential mechanisms of action of PA include neurochemical alterations affecting the reward system, reduction of negative affect, and its anorexigenic effects.

Keywords

Binge eating (disorder) Physical activity Exercise Underlying mechanisms 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Claudine Blanchet, Marie-Ève Mathieu, Audrey St-Laurent, Shirley Fecteau, Nathalie St-Amour, and Vicky Drapeau declare they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudine Blanchet
    • 1
  • Marie-Ève Mathieu
    • 2
  • Audrey St-Laurent
    • 1
  • Shirley Fecteau
    • 3
  • Nathalie St-Amour
    • 4
    • 5
  • Vicky Drapeau
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    Email author
  1. 1.Département des Sciences de l’activité physiqueUniversité du Québec à Trois-RivièresTrois-RivièresCanada
  2. 2.Département de kinésiologieUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada
  3. 3.Centre intégré universitaire en santé et services sociaux de la Capitale-Nationale, Faculté de MédecineUniversité LavalQuébec CityCanada
  4. 4.Département des Sciences infirmièresUniversité du Québec à RimouskiLévisCanada
  5. 5.Programme de traitement des troubles du comportement alimentaireClinique St-AmourLévisCanada
  6. 6.Département d’éducation physique, PEPSUniversité LavalQuébec CityCanada
  7. 7.Centre de recherche de l’Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de QuébecQuébec CityCanada
  8. 8.Institut sur la nutrition et les aliments fonctionnels (INAF)Université LavalQuébec CityCanada

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