Sleep Duration and Obesity in Adults: What Are the Connections?
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Collectively, cross-sectional and longitudinal studies on self-reported sleep duration and obesity do not show a clear pattern of association with some showing a negative linear relationship, some showing a U-shaped relationship, and some showing no relationship. Associations between sleep duration and obesity seem stronger in younger adults. Cross-sectional studies using objectively measured sleep duration (actigraphy or polysomnography (PSG)) also show this mixed pattern whereas all longitudinal studies to date using actigraphy or PSG have failed to show a relationship with obesity/weight gain. It is still too early and a too easy solution to suggest that changing the sleep duration will cure the obesity epidemic. Given novel results on emotional stress and poor sleep as mediating factors in the relationship between sleep duration and obesity, detection and management of these should become the target of future clinical efforts as well as future research.
KeywordsSleep Obesity Adults Review
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Conflict of Interest
Jenny Theorell-Haglöw and Eva Lindberg declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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