Obesity as a Disease: Current Policies and Implications for the Future
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The recognition of obesity as a chronic disease is increasing. However, there is variable acknowledgment of it as a disease in health policies across the USA. The objective of this review is to describe how obesity meets the definition of a disease, explain its interpretation in current health policies, and explore implications for obesity in future health policy adoption and development. Perspectives are presented from scientific evidence, clinical practice, and health policy areas including Medicare, Medicaid, the Affordable Care Act, federal government agency guidance, and healthcare quality.
KeywordsObesity Chronic disease Comorbid condition Treatment Health policy Government Access to healthcare Weight loss
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Scott Kahan has received compensation from Vivus, Takeda, Novo Nordisk, and Orexigen for service as a consultant, and has received textbook royalties from Johns Hopkins University Press and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Tracy Zvenyach has received compensation for employment from Novo Nordisk, currently owns stock in Novo Nordisk, and has received tuition assistance from the University of Maryland – Baltimore.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •Of importance
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