Innovations in the Use of Interactive Technology to Support Weight Management
New and emerging mobile technologies are providing unprecedented possibilities for understanding and intervening on obesity-related behaviors in real time. However, the mobile health (mHealth) field has yet to catch up with the fast-paced development of technology. Current mHealth efforts in weight management still tend to focus mainly on short message systems (SMS) interventions, rather than taking advantage of real-time sensing to develop just-in-time adaptive interventions (JITAIs). This paper will give an overview of the current technology landscape for sensing and intervening on three behaviors that are central to weight management: diet, physical activity, and sleep. Then five studies that really dig into the possibilities that these new technologies afford will be showcased. We conclude with a discussion of hurdles that mHealth obesity research has yet to overcome and a future-facing discussion.
KeywordsObesity mHealth Sensors Real-time Just-in-time Adaptive interventions
Dr. Spruijt-Metz reports grants from National Institutes of Health (NIMHD 3P60MD002254-02S1).
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
D. Spruijt-Metz, C.K.F. Wen, G. O’Reilly, M. Li, S Lee, B.A. Emken, U. Mitra, M. Annavaram, G. Ragusa, and S. Narayanan declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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