Current Obesity Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 11–18 | Cite as

The Influence of Portion Size and Timing of Meals on Weight Balance and Obesity

Etiology of Obesity (T Gill, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Etiology of Obesity

Abstract

This review focuses on the influence of portion size and temporal distribution of food intake on weight balance and obesity in adults. The inconsistency of definitions in the area of meal patterns is also discussed. The conclusion is that regular eating habits might facilitate weight balance, while unplanned snacking as well as consuming the major part of the energy intake at the end of the day seem to be unfavourable. Altogether, the research suggests that large portions promote over-consumption and, therefore, limiting portion size of energy dense foods and drinks with added sugar could be recommended. Even if more research is needed, these factors should be taken into consideration in recommendations for obesity prevention.

Keywords

Eating Eating patterns Meal patterns Portion size Meals Breakfast Lunch Dinner Snacking Obesity Body weight Appetite regulation Satiety response 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport ScienceUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska AcademyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden

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