Nutritional Aspects of Late Eating and Night Eating
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The timing of food intake has been investigated as a novel factor in the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of obesity. Indeed, consuming a large proportion of food later in the day and into the night has been associated with higher body weight and may even impair weight loss. The diet quality of late-eaters may be a factor involved in these relationships. Moreover, the nutritional characteristics of the foods consumed during the night may negatively affect metabolic and circadian rhythms that are required for optimal health. This review will first examine the diet quality of late-eaters and describe common foods consumed as nocturnal snacks. Second, this review will briefly acknowledge the potential adverse metabolic and circadian effects of consuming certain foods very late in the evening or during the night.
KeywordsDiet quality Late eating Night eating Circadian rhythm Obesity Nutrition
The authors would like to thank the QUALITY team members: Melanie Henderson, Angelo Tremblay, Gilles Paradis, Katherine Gray-Donald, and Jennifer O’Loughlin. We would also like to thank the families who are participating in this project, and Kelly Allison and Albert Stunkard for their work on the NES-QUALITY project. The QUALITY cohort is funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and the Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec. Dr. Marie Lambert (July 1952 - February 2012), pediatric geneticist and researcher, initiated the QUALITY cohort. Her leadership and devotion to QUALITY will always be remembered and appreciated.
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Conflict of Interest
Annette Gallant, Jennifer Lundgren, and Vicky Drapeau declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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