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Current Geriatrics Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 179–190 | Cite as

Applying the Evidence for Exercise Prescription in Older Adults with Knee Osteoarthritis

  • Amy S. HammerichEmail author
  • Wendy K. Anemaet
Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation (O Addison, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

Abstract

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is prevalent and disabling condition in older adults. Pain, weakness, instability, stiffness, and loss of mobility result in a reduction of physical, recreational, and social activities that impact an individual’s health, lifestyle, and societal role. Exercise is highly beneficial for the many body systems that are impacted indirectly by this disease as well as for improving quality of life. The purpose of this narrative review is to identify exercise options and dosage parameters to aid the clinician in assisting individuals with knee OA. These exercise options include cardiovascular training, resistance training, and balance or neuromuscular control training, which work to improve the cardiovascular and neuromuscular systems to improve function. The application of exercise by health care professionals is often dosed at levels which may not achieve optimal gains for the individual desiring to restore functional activities and improve recreational and social participation. Understanding the current literature on prescribing exercise for individuals with knee OA aids clinicians in obtaining better patient outcomes.

Keywords

Osteoarthritis knee Knee joint Exercise Resistance training Cardiovascular training Balance training 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Wendy Anemaet and Amy Hammerich declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Physical TherapyRegis UniversityDenverUSA

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