The Presentation of Respiratory Failure in Elderly Individuals
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Respiratory failure (RF) is a prevalent condition whose presence in elderly patients may be complex and require specific and specialized intervention. A multidimensional evaluation is necessary to choose the best treatment, taking into consideration functional capacity and frailty. Cardiogenic pulmonary edema, community-acquired pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, bronchitis, and acute asthma are the main causes of RF in this patient population. Despite the limited availability of studies and data, including systematic reviews, regarding RF treatment in elderly patients, in this update, we synthesize data to guide diagnosis, treatment, and health care decision making.
KeywordsRespiratory failure Intensive care Elderly Diagnosis Treatment Noninvasive ventilation Invasive ventilation Oxygen therapy Pulmonary rehabilitation
Dr. Britto is supported by research grants from CNPq (Brazilian Agency) and FAPEMIG (Minas Gerais State Agency).
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Conflict of Interest
Raquel R. Britto, Danielle S. R. Vieira, Fernando A. Botoni, Adriana L. A. S. Botoni, and Marcelo Velloso declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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