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Current Nutrition Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 121–130 | Cite as

Impact of Energy Drinks on Health and Well-being

  • Senthilkumar Sankararaman
  • Wahid Syed
  • Valentina Medici
  • Thomas J. Sferra
Gastroenterology, Critical Care, and Lifestyle Medicine (SA McClave, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Gastroenterology, Critical Care, and Lifestyle Medicine

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Energy drinks and energy shots are functional supplements with higher caffeine content marketed toward adolescents and young adults with the intention of boosting energy. Parallel to its rising popularity, there are safety concerns with the consumption of these beverages. Herein, we reviewed the impact these supplements produce on health and well-being.

Recent Findings

Most of the promoted benefits of the beverages can be attributed to caffeine. The physiologic effects, if any, of other ingredients such as vitamins and herbal extracts are unclear. The presence of a higher caffeine content as compared to soft drinks may predispose to caffeine intoxication in susceptible individuals. Also, the practice of co-ingestion of these beverages with alcohol is still prevalent and associated with serious consequences.

Summary

Strict regulations (restriction of sales, clear warning labels, capping caffeine levels) and public education may help prevent the adverse outcomes from these beverages.

Keywords

Energy drinks Energy shots Supplements Caffeine Taurine 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Senthilkumar Sankararaman is supported by a sponsored fellowship program with the Nestlé Nutrition Institute.

Wahid Syed declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Valentina Medici declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Thomas J. Sferra declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Senthilkumar Sankararaman
    • 1
  • Wahid Syed
    • 2
  • Valentina Medici
    • 3
  • Thomas J. Sferra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, UH Rainbow Babies & Children’s HospitalCase Western Reserve University School of MedicineClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Community Hospitalist Medical GroupClovis Community Medical CenterClovisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine (Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology)University of California DavisSacramentoUSA

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