Current Nutrition Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 160–167 | Cite as

Co-design of mHealth Delivered Interventions: A Systematic Review to Assess Key Methods and Processes

  • Helen EylesEmail author
  • Andrew Jull
  • Rosie Dobson
  • Ridvan Firestone
  • Robyn Whittaker
  • Lisa Te Morenga
  • Debbie Goodwin
  • Cliona Ni Mhurchu
Cardiovascular Disease (JHY Wu, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Cardiovascular Disease


Most mobile health (mHealth) programmes are designed with minimal input from target end users and are not truly personalised or adaptive to their specific and evolving needs. This review describes the methods and processes used in the co-design of mHealth interventions. Nine relevant studies of varying design were identified following searches of six academic databases. All employed co-design or participatory methods for the development of a health intervention delivered via a mobile device, with three focusing on health behaviour change (one on nutrition) and six on management of a health condition. Overall, six key phases of design and 17 different methods were used. Sufficiency of reporting was poor, and no study undertook a robust assessment of efficacy; these factors should be a focus for future studies. An opportunity exists to use co-design methods to develop acceptable and feasible mHealth interventions, especially to support improved nutrition and for minority and indigenous groups.


Co-design Community-based participatory research Participatory action research mHealth Telemedicine Telehealth Mobile phone Methods 



This research was supported by the Healthier Lives He Oranga Hauora National Science Challenge (New Zealand).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Helen Eyles, Andrew Jull, Rosie Dobson, Ridvan Firestone, Robyn Whittaker, Lisa Te Morenga, Debbie Goodwin and Cliona Ni Mhurchu declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

13668_2016_165_MOESM1_ESM.docx (93 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 93 kb)
13668_2016_165_MOESM2_ESM.doc (20 kb)
ESM 2 (DOC 19.5 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Eyles
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Andrew Jull
    • 1
    • 3
  • Rosie Dobson
    • 1
  • Ridvan Firestone
    • 4
  • Robyn Whittaker
    • 1
    • 5
  • Lisa Te Morenga
    • 6
  • Debbie Goodwin
    • 7
  • Cliona Ni Mhurchu
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute for Health Innovation, School of Population Health, Tamaki CampusUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, Tamaki CampusUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  3. 3.School of NursingUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  4. 4.Centre for Public Health ResearchMassey UniversityWellingtonNew Zealand
  5. 5.Institute for Innovation and Improvement, Waitemata District Health Board, School of Population Health, Tamaki CampusUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  6. 6.Department of Human NutritionUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  7. 7.DBZ Consultancy LtdHamiltonNew Zealand

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