Review of Religious Research

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 207–225 | Cite as

Ethnic and Gender Variation in Religious Involvement: Patterns of Expression in Young Adulthood

  • Janine M. JonesEmail author
  • Josie R. St. Peter
  • Sherira J. Fernandes
  • Todd I. Herrenkohl
  • Rick Kosterman
  • J. David Hawkins
Original Paper


This study used latent class analysis (LCA) to empirically derive profiles of religious involvement among a sample of 808 young adults and describe ethnic and gender differences within such religious involvement patterns. Items on the Duke Religion Index (DRI) were included as part of a larger longitudinal survey of emotional, physical, and behavioral health. The scale measured the organizational, nonorganizational, and intrinsic dimensions of religiosity (Koenig et al. in Handbook of religion and health, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001) in a sample of young adults at two waves of the study—age 27 and age 30. At age 27, five religious profiles were distinguishable in the sample while at age 30 six profiles emerged. Ethnic differences were found for each of the religious profiles where religious involvement manifested in different ways. Religious profiles between ages 27 and 30 changed over time and were affected by gender and ethnicity.


Religiosity Profiles Spirituality Ethnic variation Intrinsic 



This research was supported by Grants #1R01DA09679-11, #9R01DA021426-08, and #R001DA08093-12 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, #R24MH56587-06 from the National Institute of Mental Health, and #21548 from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of these funders.


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Copyright information

© Religious Research Association, Inc. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janine M. Jones
    • 1
    Email author
  • Josie R. St. Peter
    • 1
  • Sherira J. Fernandes
    • 1
  • Todd I. Herrenkohl
    • 2
  • Rick Kosterman
    • 2
  • J. David Hawkins
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Educational Psychology, College of EducationUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Social Development Research GroupUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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