Chemical profile and biological activities of Sonneratia apetala (Buch.-Ham.)

  • Muhammad Torequl IslamEmail author


This review aims at summarizing the chemical profile and biological activities of the mangrove plant Sonneratia apetala on the basis of published evidence in various databases. For this, an up-to-date (till Aug 2019) a search has been made in the PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar with relevant keywords. The search yielded 21 published papers regarding to the phytochemical and pharmacological properties of S. apetala and its derived compounds. Accumulated results suggest that different parts of the S. apetala contain various minerals, vitamins (e.g., ascorbic acid, thiamin, riboflavin), and important secondary metabolites. To date, a number of biologically active principles have been isolated from this plant, including lupeol, caffeic acid (+)-catechin (−)-epicatechin, ellagic acid, gallic acid, and quercetin. The plant possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anthelmintic, cytotoxic/anticancer, anti-diarrheal, analgesic, anti-diabetic, and anti-hyperlipidemic activities. Of note, S. apetala may be a potential source of nutrients, minerals and vitamins, and biologically-active lead compounds.


Sonneratia apetala Phytochemicals Pharmacological activities 



I am owed to the Department for Management of Science and Technology Development & Faculty of Pharmacy, Ton Duc Thang University, Vietnam for the overall supporting this research.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical statement

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Conflict of interest

Muhammad Torequl Islam has no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Institute of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department for Management of Science and Technology DevelopmentTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of PharmacyTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam

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