The Tibetan medicine compound Tsotel: safety and efficacy

  • Tashi RabtenEmail author
Short Communication


A class of complex Tibetan pills commonly called precious pills, or Rinchen rilbu in Tibetan, is a compounded Tibetan formula combining dozens of minerals and herbs. Tsotel (btso thal), the key medicinal compound in precious pills, synergizes with the other herbs and minerals in each formula and is used to treat strokes, inflammation, chemical poisoning, such as anthrax, neural disorders and diseases arising from various toxicities. Tibetans have used these medicines for at least 2000 years. However, since the medicinal compound of tsotel includes minerals such as gold, iron, and especially mercury, some scholars and physicians have toxicity concerns surrounding tsotel administration. Thus, elucidating the traditional process of compounding this medicinal substance will improve our understanding of tsotel’s safety and efficacy.


Tibetan compound pill Purified mercury Minerals Safety and efficacy 



Christina C. Pratt PhD, New York University.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical statement


Conflict of interest

This manuscript described has not been published before; not under consideration for publication anywhere else; and has been approved by author.


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Copyright information

© Institute of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.China University Political Science LawBeijing ShiChina

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