Implementing forest landscape restoration under the Bonn Challenge: a systematic approach

  • John A. StanturfEmail author
  • Michael Kleine
  • Stephanie Mansourian
  • John Parrotta
  • Palle Madsen
  • Promode Kant
  • Janice Burns
  • Andreas Bolte
Opinion Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Forest Adaptation and Restoration under Global Change


Key message

There is no one-size-fits-all way to successfully implement forest landscape restoration (FLR). Complex socio-ecological systems present challenges and opportunities that can best be met with a systematic framework for designing, planning, steering, and monitoring FLR projects to meet diverse needs. Project cycle management is an iterative, adaptive, hierarchical framework with recurring consultations among stakeholders that can enhance the likelihood of FLR success.


Bonn Challenge Ecological integrity Livelihoods Governance Project cycle management 



The article is an activity within the work of IUFTO Task Force 31 “Forest Adaptation and Restoration under Global Change.” Portions of the article are based on presentations made by the authors at the “International Conference on Forest Landscape Restoration under Global Change: Synthesizing and Sharing Globally Available Forest-Related Scientific Knowledge” that was held in San Juan, Puerto Rico, in June 2017, and the report “Implementing Forest Landscape Restoration, A Practitioner’s Guide” edited by Stanturf et al. 2017, published by the International Union of Forest Research Organizations, Special Programme for Development of Capacities (IUFRO-SPDC). We acknowledge the contributions of the participants at the conference in Puerto Rico and the support of the staff of the International Institute of Tropical Forestry, US Forest Service, and the Friends of the Karst.


Funding for the conference was provided by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety and the IUFRO Special Program on Developing Capacity.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© INRA and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Estonian University of Life SciencesTartuEstonia
  2. 2.International Union of Forest Research OrganizationsViennaAustria
  3. 3.Mansourian ConsultingGinginsSwitzerland
  4. 4.US Forest ServiceWashingtonUSA
  5. 5.Copenhagen UniversityCopenhagenDenmark
  6. 6.Institute of Green EconomyDelhiIndia
  7. 7.Thünen Institute for Forest EcosystemsEberswaldeGermany

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