Additive tree biomass equations for Betula platyphylla Suk. plantations in Northeast China

Research Paper

Abstract

Key message

A new system of additive tree biomass equations was developed for juvenile white birch plantations based on tree diameter at breast height (DBH) and tree height (HT). Compared with previous equations developed for natural white birch forests, the new system included one more biomass component and provided more accurate predictions.

Context

Accurate estimates of tree component and total biomass are necessary for evaluating alternative forest management strategies for biomass feedstock, carbon sequestration, and products. Previous biomass equations developed for white birch trees in natural stands provided substantially biased predictions for white birch plantations.

Aims

A new system of additive tree biomass equations was developed for juvenile white birch plantations in the northeastern China.

Methods

With destructive biomass sampling data from 501 trees sampled from white birch provenance and family trails at ages 7, 9, 10, and 13 in three provinces, a system of nonlinear additive tree biomass equations based on DBH and tree height was developed using the nonlinear seemingly unrelated regressions (NSUR) approach.

Results

Compared with previously published equations developed for natural white birch forests, the new system provided more accurate predictions of white birch tree component and aboveground and total biomass, especially of branch, foliage, and root biomass.

Conclusion

The new system extended the applicability of biomass equations to white birch plantations in the northeastern China.

Keywords

Biomass additivity Destructive sampling White birch 

Notes

Funding information

This research was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31670476) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2572016CA02).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© INRA and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ForestryNortheast Forestry UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.Warnell School of Forestry and Natural ResourcesUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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