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The relative importance of soil properties and regional climate as drivers of productivity in southern Patagonia’s Nothofagus antarctica forests

  • Héctor A. Bahamonde
  • Guillermo Martínez Pastur
  • María V. Lencinas
  • Rosina Soler
  • Yamina M. Rosas
  • Brenton Ladd
  • Sandra Duarte Guardia
  • Pablo L. Peri
Original Paper

Abstract

Key message

Soil texture and temperature-related variables were the variables that most contributed to Nothofagus antarctica forest height in southern Patagonia. This information may be useful for improving forest management, for instance related to the establishment of silvopastoral systems or selection of suitable sites for forest reforestation in southern Patagonia.

Context

Changes in forest productivity result from a combination of climate, topography, and soil properties.

Aims

The relative importance of edaphic and climatic variables as drivers of productivity in Nothofagus antarctica forests of southern Patagonia, Argentina, was evaluated.

Methods

A total of 48 mature stands of N. antarctica were selected. For each study site, we measured the height of three mature dominant trees, as an indicator of productivity. Seven soil, five spatial, and 19 climatic features were determined and related to forest productivity. Through partial least squares regression analyses, we obtained a model that was an effective predictor of height of mature dominant trees in the regional data set presented here.

Results

The four variables that most contributed to the predictive power of the model were altitude, temperature annual range, soil texture, and temperature seasonality.

Conclusion

The information gathered in this study suggested that the incidence of the soil and temperature-related variables on the height of dominant trees, at the regionally evaluated scale, was higher than the effect of water-related variables.

Keywords

Carbon sequestration Native forest Nothofagus antarctica ñire South America Trees 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are very grateful to Francisco Mattenet for helping with the field sampling and Victoria Fernández for helping with language revision.

Funding

This work was part of the research project “Sinergias y conflictos entre las actividades económicas y los socio-ecosistemas de Tierra del Fuego: Mantenimiento de la productividad y los servicios ecosistémicos en el largo plazo”. CONICET. Proyectos de Unidades Ejecutoras (P-UE 2016). Res 3334/16.

This research has been partially financed by Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© INRA and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Héctor A. Bahamonde
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guillermo Martínez Pastur
    • 3
    • 4
  • María V. Lencinas
    • 3
    • 4
  • Rosina Soler
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yamina M. Rosas
    • 3
    • 4
  • Brenton Ladd
    • 5
    • 6
  • Sandra Duarte Guardia
    • 5
  • Pablo L. Peri
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA)Río GallegosArgentina
  2. 2.Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia Austral (UNPA)Río GallegosArgentina
  3. 3.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Centro Austral de Investigaciones Científicas (CADIC)UshuaiaArgentina
  5. 5.Escuela de Agroforestería, Universidad Científica del SurLimaPeru
  6. 6.Earth and Environmental Sciences, Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of BiologicalUNSW AustraliaSydneyAustralia

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