Annals of Forest Science

, 74:23

Effect of species grouping and site variables on aboveground biomass models for lowland tropical forests of the Indo-Malay region

  • Solichin Manuri
  • Cris Brack
  • Teddy Rusolono
  • Fatmi Noor’an
  • Louis Verchot
  • Sandhi I. Maulana
  • Wahyu C . Adinugroho
  • Hery Kurniawan
  • Dian Wulansih Sukisno
  • Gita Ardia Kusuma
  • Arif Budiman
  • Rahmad Supri Anggono
  • Chairil Anwar Siregar
  • Onrizal Onrizal
  • Dhany Yuniati
  • Emma Soraya
Original Paper


Key message

This study assessed the effect of ecological variables on tree allometry and provides more accurate aboveground biomass (AGB) models through the involvement of large samples representing major islands, biogeographical zones and various succession and degradation levels of natural lowland forests in the Indo-Malay region. The only additional variable that significantly and largely contributed to explaining AGB variation is grouping based on wood-density classes.


There is a need for an AGB equation at tree level for the lowland tropical forests of the Indo-Malay region. In this respect, the influence of geographical, climatic and ecological gradients needs to be assessed.


The overall aim of this research is to provide a regional-scale analysis of allometric models for tree AGB of lowland tropical forests in the Indo-Malay region.


A dataset of 1300 harvested trees (5 cm ≤ trunk diameter ≤ 172 cm) was collected from a wide range of succession and degradation levels of natural lowland forests through direct measurement and an intensive literature search of principally grey publications. We performed ANCOVA to assess possible irregular datasets from the 43 study sites. After ANCOVA, a 1201-tree dataset was selected for the development of allometric equations. We tested whether the variables related to climate, geographical region and species grouping affected tree allometry in the lowland forest of the Indo-Malay region.


Climatic and major taxon-based variables were not significant in explaining AGB variations. Biogeographical zone was a significant variable explaining AGB variation, but it made only a minor contribution on the accuracy of AGB models. The biogeographical effect on AGB variation is more indirect than its effect on species and stand characteristics. In contrast, the integration of wood-density classes improved the models significantly.


Our AGB models outperformed existing local models and will be useful for improving the accuracy on the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in tropical forests. However, more samples of large trees are required to improve our understanding of biomass distribution across various forest types and along geographical and elevation gradients.


Tree AGB Allometric equation Regional model Destructive sampling Biogeographical zones 

Supplementary material

13595_2017_618_MOESM1_ESM.docx (254 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 253 kb)


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Copyright information

© INRA and Springer-Verlag France 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Solichin Manuri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cris Brack
    • 1
  • Teddy Rusolono
    • 3
  • Fatmi Noor’an
    • 4
  • Louis Verchot
    • 5
  • Sandhi I. Maulana
    • 6
  • Wahyu C . Adinugroho
    • 7
  • Hery Kurniawan
    • 8
  • Dian Wulansih Sukisno
    • 9
  • Gita Ardia Kusuma
    • 10
  • Arif Budiman
    • 11
  • Rahmad Supri Anggono
    • 12
  • Chairil Anwar Siregar
    • 7
  • Onrizal Onrizal
    • 13
  • Dhany Yuniati
    • 8
  • Emma Soraya
    • 14
  1. 1.Fenner School of Environment and SocietyThe Australian National UniversityACTAustralia
  2. 2.MAP InstituteBogorIndonesia
  3. 3.Faculty of ForestryBogor Agricultural UniversityBogorIndonesia
  4. 4.Dipterocarps Research CenterForest Research Development and Innovation AgencySamarindaIndonesia
  5. 5.Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)BogorIndonesia
  6. 6.Forestry Research Institute ManokwariMinistry of Environment and ForestryManokwariIndonesia
  7. 7.Forest Research and Development AgencyMinistry of Environment and ForestryBogorIndonesia
  8. 8.Forestry Research Institute KupangMinistry of Environment and ForestryNusa Tenggara TimurIndonesia
  9. 9.Implementing Agency for Agricultural Extension and Food SecurityEmpat Lawang DistrictIndonesia
  10. 10.Ministry of Environment and ForestryJakartaIndonesia
  11. 11.Sustainable Palm Oil Initiative Project-UNDPJakarta PusatIndonesia
  12. 12.Alba Community ForestSemarangIndonesia
  13. 13.Forestry Science Department, Faculty of AgricultureNorth Sumatra UniversityMedanIndonesia
  14. 14.Faculty of ForestryGadjah Mada UniversityJogjakartaIndonesia

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